6 unique realistic styles in modern art

Realism is back. Representational art was out of fashion with the advent of photography, but today's artists and sculptors enliven the old equipment. Here's proof, namely, six dynamic approaches to realistic art.
Realism is back. Representational art was out of fashion with the advent of photography, but today's artists and sculptors enliven the old equipment. Here's proof, namely, six dynamic approaches to realistic art.

Photorealism

the Artists used photographs for centuries. In the 1600's, the old masters could experiment with optical devices. For 1800 years the development of photography influenced the impressionist movement. As photography became more sophisticated, the artists studied various ways how modern technology can help create ultra-realistic paintings.

Photorealism began to develop in the late 1960-ies. The artists tried to create an exact copy of the received images. Some masters projected the photographs for his paintings and used airbrushes for replication details.
Early artists, photorealistic, such as Robert Bechtle, Charles bell and John salt, had to draw images of cars, trucks, billboards, and household items. In many respects these works are reminiscent of pop art, works by artists such as Andy Warhol. However, pop art has clearly artificial two-dimensional image, while the photo-realism makes the viewer gasp for breath and think about this: «I can't believe this picture!”

The pleasing modern masters?

Modern artists use photo-realistic techniques to study an unlimited number of items. Brian Drury draws amazing realistic portraits. Jason de Graaf, depicts a wonderful still life, for example melting ice cream.
Photorealistc Audrey Flack goes beyond all possible limits. Her painting "Marilyn" is a monumental composition consisting of giant images inspired by the life and death of Marilyn Monroe. The unexpected juxtaposition of unrelated objects - a pear, a candle, lipstick - creates a narrative.

Hyperrealism

Photorealistic 1960's and 1970's usually did not change the scene and did not put hidden meaning in their work, but with the development of technology, artists increasingly took inspiration from the photos. Hyperrealism – the French word "photorealism". Colors are crisp, details are more accurate, and more controversial subjects.

Hyper-Realism, also known as superrealizm or megareliz uses a method of trample. The purpose is not to create an optical illusion. Instead, the artists draw attention to their own view of things. For example, facial features are exaggerated and the scale is changed, but the objects are placed in unnatural conditions.
paintings and sculpture Hyper strive to do more than impress the audience with a technical component. Challenging our ideas about reality, they comment on social problems, political or philosophical ideas.

for Example, sculptor Ron Mueck glorifies the human body, the subject of birth and death. He uses resin, fiberglass, silicone, and other materials to create shapes with soft and terrible skin, and it looks plausible.

Surrealism



This image similar to the dreams that capture our subconscious. Artists of this direction can ignore the laws of nature. Image as if disconnected from a rational world, but they remain recognizable.
In a surreal art there is nothing really modern. Hieronymus Bosch painted fantastic shapes of demons. Giuseppe Arcimboldo painted the human face of fruits and flowers. However, in the twentieth century, surrealism flourished as a formal motion. Inspired by the psychological teachings of Freud, the Surrealists sought to explore the irrational thought.

Artists such as Max Ernst, Rene Magritte and Salvador Dali, called Surrealists, because they used the exact parts and other techniques of realism to convey the horror, the absurdity of the human soul.
Surrealism is fully manifested in the world of sculpture, photography, film.

Magic realism



somewhere between surrealism and photorealism lies the mystical landscape of magic realism (or magical realism). In literature and visual art, artists use traditional techniques of realism to depict a tranquil everyday scenes. But under usual there's always something mysterious and extraordinary.
Andrew Wyeth can be called a magical realist, because he used light, shadows, offered miracles and lyrical beauty.

Modern masters of this direction is beyond reasonable limits. Their work can be considered surreal, but such elements are subtle and may not be immediately obvious. For example, the artist Arnau Alemany combined two common scenes in the film Factorits. At first it seems mundane illustration of the high buildings and chimneys. However, instead of a city street Arnau drew lush forest. It all looks harmonious and magical.

Materialism

Art in materialisme does not look real. Although there may be recognizable images, objects, scenes depict alternate realities, alien worlds or spiritual dimensions.

Direction evolved from the works of artists of the early twentieth century who believed that art could explore the existence of life outside of human consciousness. Italian painter and writer Giorgio de Chirico founded a line that combines art with philosophy. Metaphysical artists were known to paint faceless figures, creepy lighting, the impossible prospect and harsh or fantastic prospects.
This was no durable, but in the 1920s and 1930s affected the contemplative paintings of Surrealists and magical realists.
Materialism is not a formal motion, its contrast of surrealism is highly nebulous. Surrealists seek to capture the subconscious - fragmented memories and impulses which lie below the level of consciousness. Metareality interested in consciousness - a higher level of awareness. The Surrealists describe the absurd, and metareality their vision of possible realities.

Painters Kay sage and Yves Tanguy usually described as Surrealists, but the scenes that they painted, have a spooky aura of materialism.
the Expansion of computer technology has given a new generation of artists new ways of presenting their ideas. Digital painting, collage, photo manipulation, animation, 3D rendering and other forms of digital art go towards materialism. Artists often use these computer tools to create Hyper realistic images for posters, advertising, book covers and illustrations.

Traditional realism

while modern ideas and technology poured energy into the movement of realism, traditional approaches never left. In the mid-twentieth century, followers of scientist and painter Jacques Maroger experimented with historical paints to reproduce the realism of the old masters.


Motion Margera was only one of many that contributed to traditional aesthetics and technology. Various design workshops and private workshops are continuing to emphasize craftsmanship and age-old vision of beauty.

Where you can see the work?

Traditional realism can be described in one word - simplicity. The painter or sculptor exhibits artistic skill experimentation, exaggeration or hidden meanings. Abstraction, absurdity, irony and wit play no role because the traditional realism appreciates beauty and precision.
Traditional realism are well represented in the galleries of the fine arts, as well as in shopping campaigns, such as advertising and illustration of books. This is also a favorable direction for the presidential portraits, commemorative statues, and similar types of public art.

Among the many famous artists who paint in the traditional representational style, can highlight such as Douglas Hoffman, Juan Lazcano, Jeremy Lipkin, Adam Miller, Gregory Mortenson, Helen George. Vaughn, Evan Wilson and David Zuccarini.