Town hall tower and the citadel: 10 unique buildings of Germany

House in which was born the initiator of the reformation, Martin Luther, the impressive Cathedral of Naumburg, the "Green Citadel" by the famous Austrian architect Hundertwasser XX century, the oldest half-timbered house in Germany — these buildings are located in the cities of Saxony‑Anhalt will tell about the history of the country better than any guide. Redigo offers to take note of 10 facilities in the region that will reveal to you several historical eras — middle Ages, the Reformation, the turn of the XIX and XX centuries.

Red tower



Halle, Germany
gynti_46 / Flickr.com
Exact answer to the question of why the tower was called "red" (Roter Turm) still can't give any historian. There is the assumption that the roof of the tower was originally covered with sheet copper with a reddish tinge. However, copper tend to oxidize fairly quickly, but because this version is questionable. Construction began on the Market square in 1418 and completed the construction of only 85 years later! It has never been part of any temple complex, the townspeople decided to put it as a symbol of the prosperity of the city.
the tower has 76 bells is the largest in Europe, the belfry on the top of which at a height of 84 meters equipped with an observation deck.
read More about other attractions of Saxony‑Anhalt, read our new guide.

Millenium Tower



Magdeburg, Germany
mvgm.de
The tallest wooden tower in the world was built for the Federal flower salon, which was held in Magdeburg in 1999. The author was a Swiss architect Johannes Peter Staub. The conical shape of this wooden tent is ideal for exhibitions, and from its summit affords excellent views of the surrounding area.
Inside the tower is an exhibition about the history of humanity from prehistoric times to the present day. Here you can find ancient Egyptian burial chamber, or to participate in the famous experience of Otto von Guericke with the two hemispheres from which the air is pumped out. In total, the tower contains more than 80 interactive sites, each of which represents a milestone in the history of mankind and his knowledge of the world.

"Green citadel"



Magdeburg, Germany

gruene-zitadelle.de
This intricate building in Magdeburg is one of the latest creations of the architect‑avant-garde artist friedensreich Hundertwasser. The wizard has finished the "Green Citadel" in 1999 and soon died. To move the project from paper to real life took several years. Hundertwasser house in Magdeburg was opened in October 2005.
the Building is pink in color is impossible to miss. Because of the color of the tiles that lined the outer walls, the shape of the house seems to be a spiral, although in reality it is not. Curious and a window of this building, which there are 900, and the shape of each of the Windows is not repeated more than three times. The "green citadel", the building was named because almost everywhere there are trees in the courtyards, external walls of the building, on the roof, on the balconies. The house was occupied by a hotel, a theater, shops, kindergarten and residential apartments.

Oldest half-timbered house in Quedlinburg



Land of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
Thinkstock
In Quedlinburg more than ten thousand half-timbered houses. These buildings were built there even in the twentieth century! The oldest of them was built here in 1346-1347 years, and experts believe that it is the oldest half-timbered houses throughout Germany. This house in the alley Wordgasse even has a name — Ständerbau. And that it houses the eponymous Museum.

Here talk about the evolution of this architectural style, about what trends were current in a particular era (the history of German Fachwerk seven centuries).

Naumburg Cathedral of the Holy apostles Peter and Paul



Naumburg, Germany
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the Architectural design of the Cathedral of saints Peter and Paul lies at the intersection of late Romanesque and Gothic. The temple was built in the XIII century. Of particular interest are the figures of the 12 founders of the Cathedral, located on the perimeter of its walls. The sculptures are made of full human growth.
One of the sculptures — the famous Margrave of Meissen, Ekkehard and his wife Uta — known around the world for a rare example of medieval art expression. Courageous, a few heavy Ekkehard and gentle refined Uta complement each other, and most importantly — unlike some schematic art of the middle Ages — the faces of these figures performed remarkably well.

House where was born Martin Luther



Land of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
eisleben.eu
Martin Luther born 10 November 1483. After the victory of the reformation, the house in which the founder of Lutheranism was born, became a place of pilgrimage. However, in 1689 the building burned down. Later on his Foundation built a new building, which opened a school for the poor.
Already today, the Luther house was reconstructed and tried to restore the building to its original appearance. In 2007, earned the memorial complex includes the house Museum, Luther and the modern tourist center. The Museum presents about 250 items, mainly telling about the childhood years of Martin Luther, his family (his father was a simple miner), who had moved to Eisleben in search of work.

Wittenberg



Land of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany

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To Wittenberg should go at least for one of the Castle Church. It to its goal, the great reformer, nailed a paper with 95 theses, which became the ideological basis of Lutheranism. It happened October 31, 1517, and now every year the day here is celebrated the Day of Luther.
the castle Church is the main landmark of the city and the sanctuary for the whole Lutheran world. Luther himself is buried inside the Church, the coffin with his remains accessible for viewing.

Bauhaus School



Dessau, Germany
Thinkstock
In 1918, the avant-garde artists founded in Weimar school new architectural direction — "Bauhaus". The new style was distinguished by the straightness of lines and the deliberate economical forms. In 1925 his followers, among whom was Wassily Kandinsky, were forced to leave Weimar. The school moved to Dessau. The building in which they were placed, it was an example of "Bauhaus" — was designed by one of the classics of the style of Walter Gropius. It housed studios, workshops, living quarters.

In 1932, the national socialists insisted on the closure of the school, the architects scattered around the world. The very first building in the style of "Bauhaus" in Dessau was badly damaged by bombing during the war. It was completely restored only a few decades.
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town Hall Wernigerode



Land of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
Eichbjoernchen / Flickr.com
town Hall of Wernigerode is one of the most picturesque in Germany and incredibly romantic place. Its charming facade is known throughout the country, not by chance, the bride and groom come here from all over Germany.

In the XIII century on this place there was a gambling house, who loved to visit the counts von Wernigerode. Here not only played dice games (cards at the time had not yet been invented), on the second floor of the building housed a mini‑theater where busker entertained illustrious masters. In the XV century on the site of the former gambling house has been built the old town hall. The facade is made in the form of intricate framing, and later architects only complemented his appearance. Around the perimeter of the building figure 33: clowns, the saints, servants and so on.