Andalusia: 18 of the most scenic white towns

Ronda with the old bridge over the gorge, with the other cave dwellers, Arcos de La Frontera on the edge of the cliff and other white spots on a background of mountains, hills and fields of Andalusia is famous belostenny cities (or Pueblos Blancos) that are wildly popular among tourists. Redigo calls the 18 most picturesque towns, lost in the depths of the Andalusian mountains.
a Classic Andalusian white town has a fortified castle‑fortress (the legacy of the Moors) on a hill, whose foot is plastered houses with tile roofs. Between the houses meander the narrow cobbled streets. In the Windows, geraniums in pots and wrought iron. After the Reconquista in each of these villages are the Roman Catholic Church. In the XX century the walls of the houses were painted white: lime, on the one hand, had antibacterial properties and protected the old walls from destruction, on the other — by the standards of those times — "equalized" the inhabitants of the region.

Carmona



Andalucia, Spain
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Carmona — belostenny Andalusian town with imposing fortified walls, narrow streets leading up or down, squares with palm trees, colorful houses in blue Moorish patterns and a large number of towers. Carmona has seen in his lifetime and the Phoenicians, and the Carthaginians, and the Romans (hitherto preserved Roman cemetery), and the Moors who constructed a huge Alcazar Palace of king Pedro, with only ruins remaining; however, the Palace was restored and converted into a hotel.
St Peter's Church of the XV century located on the main street of Carmona. Its magnificent bell tower is very similar to the quadrangular tower of the Giralda, which rises above the Seville Cathedral. The road in the old quarters leads through the Moorish gates, the palaces of the Habsburgs dominated the upper city, in Carmona there is a surprising mix of architectural monuments, and it is only 30 kilometers from Seville.

Rhonda



Andalucia, Spain
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Rhonda called the soul of Andalusia. The main feature of the "soul" is its location: belostenny city is situated on high cliffs, near a deep gorge, which straddles Puente Nuevo.
Rhonda Originated already in the sixth century BC, during the reign of the Celts. Near the town was occupied by the Phoenicians, then came the Greeks. Centuries later, the inhabitants of Ronda became full citizens of the Roman Empire, however, in that time, the town had another name — Around.
Rhonda small, and around it on foot is not difficult. In addition to rocks, picturesque views and white interior buildings tourists are attracted by the medieval Church, Arabic wall, gates, and baths, as well as Carrera Espinel is the main shopping street.

Zahara de La Sierra



Andalucia, Spain
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Pine trees are interspersed with palm trees, and above them the towering cliffs of the Sierra de Grazalema, somewhere in between — white striped houses Zahara. On the rock, unusually high — fortress of the XIII century. The British traveller Richard Ford called this white Andalusian village "Moorish eagle's nest". Views of the surrounding hills and the reservoir is an amazing emerald color. According to him, by the way, you can kayak.
In the center of town to see the Church of Santa maría de La Mesa Church of San Juan, the Clock tower and bridge Palominos.

Palma



Andalucia, Spain
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Nijar is a small Andalusian village, which has become popular here through well-developed Handicrafts. It's famed for pottery, wicker vases, carpets and ceramics. For most tourists Nijar is a transit point on the way. However, by staying in the village for a few days, you can leisurely explore her worthy of the attention of the neighborhood (the desert Tabernas natural Park Cabo de Gata, the Sierra Alhamilla).
by the Way, here, in the village of Nijar in 1928 were the events described Federico Garcia Lorca's play "blood wedding". The short story is that the bride ran away from wedding since harbored special feelings for the bride and loved another. However, the girl's relatives, who benefited from this marriage, was furious, and gets even with the ill-fated lover. Lorca never been to Sochi, but he read about this story in the newspaper and devoted to the bloody wedding of his play.

results



Andalucia, Spain
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White houses like crawling on a green hill, crowned by the castle, Castillo del Aguila (literally "eagle's nest"), which is really circling eagles. Overall, Gaucin — standard belostenny Andalusian city, which among other things, an interesting opening from the hill views of Strait of Gibraltar and Morocco and traditional round dwellings chozos (walls made of wood or stone plastered with mud, the roof thatched or stone). The surrounding area is rich in Gaucin cork tree, so the souvenir shops filled with articles of cork.
Castle is open for visits from June to September. The first building was erected on this spot by the Romans, then the Moors reconstructed the remains, after which Christians have already made their changes to the Moorish castle. To the walls of the castle is fairly steep road; to avoid the rise, limiting the contemplation of beauty Gaucin from the lookout.

jaén



Andalucia, Spain
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once on the territory of the modern province of Jaen unfolded the fateful battle: the Romans crushed the Carthaginians, Christians expelled the Moors. Today it's all covered with carpet of olive trees. So sometimes Jaen is a town with narrow streets and a decent number of attractions often called the world capital of olive oil.
Cathedral of Jaen is recognized as the finest example of the Renaissance in Andalusia. The construction of this giant took nearly three centuries. Local medieval Fort (which was later rebuilt and received the name of Castle of Santa Catalina) served the Moors as a strategic location on the road from Castile to Andalusia. Now inside the castle operates a luxurious Parador. Local Arab baths XI century — the largest of the surviving in Spain. Their ceilings are decorated with Windows in the shape of stars, graceful arches have a horseshoe shape. Since 2011, the city runs a tram — not the typical Spanish vehicle.

alcalá La real



Andalucia, Spain
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alcalá the city is not large, but historically significant. In the period of the Reconquest, the Moors built in the local hill of La Mota powerful towers and the fortress, preserved to this day. Unfortunately, it was severely damaged during the war with Napoleon, however, many fortifications and Museum open to the public.
Descending the hill into the Old town, note the tower of the Abbey Church of the XVI century and the monastery in the mansion of the XVIII century. Do not miss the promenade, Los Alamos, surrounded by trees and leads past the Capuchin Monastery and Church of St. Anthony.

Guadix



Andalucia, Spain
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Highlight of this Andalucian village — underground dwellings of its inhabitants. Most of the residents of the district of Santiago in Guadix live in caves: on the outside visible only the white face, just above the hill sticks out of the tube. They say in this house does not need neither air conditioning nor heating, as the temperature does not drop below 18 degrees throughout the year. Acquainted with the peculiarities of life under the earth can stay in one of the hotels, caves, visiting a local Museum or using the suggestions of residents who for a small fee show your house.
Guadix is also famous for its Cathedral (XVI‑XVIII century) with its facade in the Baroque style and well preserved Moorish fortress Alcazaba. Near Guadix is the castle of La Calahorra.

Osuna



Andalucia, Spain
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Osuna is especially famous for the ancient University, overlooking the city (a private University in the sixteenth century had not all Andalusian cities). Elegant palaces of XVII‑XVIII centuries are concentrated around the Central square, the churches are scattered around town, and the site of the University panoramic views of the Osuna.
Historians believe that in the vicinity of Osuna (this key is located South of the Spanish garrison of the Romans) Julius Caesar won his last battle — the battle of Munda.

Medina Sidonia



Andalucia, Spain
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In the fifteenth century, when the nobles of the genus gusmanov scored in the struggle against the Moors, they were transferred to the control of the ancient Medina Sidonia (it was founded in ancient times), which became a Duchy. Later the Dukes of Medina Sidonia played an important role in the political life of the country (e.g., Alonso pérez de guzmán was the leader of the Invincible Armada).
From a tourist point of view, the city is known for a little less. Here you can see the remains of the medieval walls, Moorish gate (Arco de La Pastora are particularly photogenic), narrow cobbled streets, the Baroque town hall with a touch of neo-classicism and a facade in the Renaissance style. Should not be overlooked and a Prime example of Andalusian Gothic Church of Santa Maria La Koronada and the monasteries of San Jose del Cueva and Las Descalzas.

Setenil de Las Bodegas



Andalucia, Spain
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White Spanish town of Setenil is famous with their white, and the cliffs looming over its streets and houses. About eight centuries ago, the other was carved in the rocks, so part of the interior of houses (restaurants apartments) is an advanced cave. The stone ceiling here — it happens, and some of the streets resemble tunnels. In windy, rainy and hot days the streets become a natural shelter from undesirable atmospheric phenomena.

Sochi



Andalucia, Spain
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highlight of the village of Montefrío is an Arabic fortress on top of a cliff that rises over the white houses. After the liberation of Andalusia from the Arabs inside the fortress was built a Christian Church, stylistically successfully blended into the landscape thanks to the architectural elements in the style of Mudejar.

From the North valley, which is located in Sochi, framed by the rocks of the peña de Los Gitanos. There are routes for Hiking and also discovered numerous dolmens of the Neolithic period.

Trevélez



Andalucia, Spain
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Trevelez, located at the foot of the Spanish mountains Mulhacen and is divided into two parts by the gorge, full of white houses with tile roofs and most colorful. It is here that made a special kind of ham (Jamon de Trevelez), which tourists love to taste and purchase local drying houses. Through Trevelez is famous Hiking trail GR-7. His 13-kilometer Trevélez — Busquístar is one of the most picturesque: it leads to the waterfall, through oak forests, past a ramshackle village houses and down into the valley of Busquístar.

Olvera



Andalucia, Spain
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Olvera, as well as other "white towns" of Andalusia, was an important defensive point on the border of the Muslim and Christian worlds. This clearly emphasize the main local attractions: powerful Arab castle, as if not opposed to less massive of the Christian Church.
most Important historical events of the region are reflected in the exposition of the cultural center La Cilla. Architectural monuments best preserved in the area of La Villa: it is Moorish, restored by the Christians, the castle, castle walls and the neoclassical Church of La encarnación of the XVIII century. Frame the city's endless hills, covered with rows of olive trees.

Jimena de La Frontera



Andalucia, Spain
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Castle Castillo de Jimena, built during the Arab domination, looks at the white houses of the town from the hill of San Cristobal. However, the Arabs were not the first settlers in these places. laha‑al'tak discovered cave paintings of the prehistoric period.
Rich in history, the pots of geraniums in the middle of the paved streets and the types of all the way to the Gibraltar — all this wealth is supplemented by walking through the fields of black bulls. After all, the province of Cadiz is the birthplace of bullfighting.

Arcos de La Frontera



Andalucia, Spain
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Arcos de La Frontera, built on top of a cliff. For this reason, residents of the town firmly believe that only they can see the backs of flying birds. This, of course, true, but it's great flatters their ego. The centre of Arcos, surrounded by a medieval wall, declared a historical and cultural monument. The wall hid the Church Maria de La Asuncion and San Pedro, the town hall and the towering castle of the XI century. Walking through the winding streets of the city, you can see buildings in the Baroque and Renaissance.

Ubrique



Andalucia, Spain
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a Small valley in the foothills of the Serrania de Ronda filled to the brim with a white "wave" of houses is an ancient Ubrique. Apart from picturesque surroundings the town is famous for production of leather products (best exhibited in the leather Museum in the Baroque walls of the Capuchin Monastery). And yet it is the birthplace of one of the most famous Spanish bullfighters — Jesulin de Ubrique. He continues to speak in public, which meets its outputs into the arena with excited cries.

Grazalema



Andalucia, Spain
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Most remarkable in Grazalema is a place of its location. White town hidden among the mountains, cliffs and gorges. It's not just the castle on the hill above the city, this is a real mountain village. The Central area of the settlement, the Plaza de españa, surrounded by cosy cafés. Here is the Church of La Aurora XVIII century and the town hall.
Sierra de Grazalema is an ideal starting point for those planning to explore the national Park of Sierra de Grazalema.