The differences between high relief and bas-relief and other forms of relief
landformsMajor landforms – the bas-relief and high relief. In addition to these, there are also two kinds of reliefs and counter-reliefs kaylanilei. These terms are less known, as works of art they describe, in current years, a rare and often come from ancient civilizations or applied nature. As a rule, people who are faced with these terms, thinking of one question: differences between bas-relief and high relief. It's no wonder – they are quite similar in their structure and the very idea of a convex image on the surface. Well, then you should reveal this secret.
so, what is the difference between bas-relief and high relief? The answer can be brief: in depth. The bas-relief is a shallow relief. The term comes from the French bas-relief that is alleged to be a carbon copy of Italian bassorilievo low relief. The figures seem to be pressed into the surface and protrude from her only half or even less. The bas-reliefs are the most popular. They appeared back in the stone age and are found in the architecture of all the ancient cultures. In Ancient Greece and Rome, they often present on the pediments of temples. The bas-reliefs are used now. And they adorn not only the architectural structures, but the surface of coins, medals, monuments.
Reliefhigh Relief - high relief. The term comes from the French hautrelief, which means literally "high relief”. The figure can rise to 1/2 of the depth, and entirely to speak and to be three-dimensional. Found in ancient art, on the triumphal arches. In the Renaissance began to be used as a means of transfer prospects.
Later, after the transition to mannerism and then Baroque, they have become bold and fantastic shapes, which were dictated by the unlimited imagination of the sculptors. In the works of Bernini, for example, you can see a transitional form between a fully withdrawn from the surface with high relief and sculptures. An example would be “the Ecstasy of Saint Teresa" of the arrangement which transmits an excited, enthusiastic mood.
How to distinguishDifferences between high relief and low relief, as is clear from their descriptions that appear on the surface. And yet, is it easy to distinguish between them the person who is not engaged in art professionally? There is another criterion that you can see and feel. This unity with the surface. Relief often differs somewhat modified proportions - his image is often flattened, which can be seen on the facades of buildings, and on coins or utensils. It is a complete unity with the surface, which shows. Even the most vivid imagination has difficulty in separating the figures, a glove in the background. The relief often has a tendency to separate. The image more volume and its aspect ratio is preserved. It tends to sculptures. If the dream, it is possible to present it separately from the background. This is one of the characteristic differences of the bas-relief and high relief. If some details are not attached to the background - the protagonist's head, the hoof of a horse, bas-relief, this can not be. So now you positively make out the differences between high relief and bas-relief!
counter-reliefs and kalanagar
counter-reliefs, as the name implies, it is something opposite to the relief, namely, the sunken relief, where the deepening would be consistent with the projections. It is most commonly used in the matrices and seals. Impression as, for example, the image on the coin is a relief. Avant-garde art of XX century the concept of sunk relief, were reinterpreted and given new meaning. Artist and designer Vladimir Tatlin was called the counter-reliefs of three-dimensional composition of objects attached to the wall or two walls. These works of art no longer had surface, but the objects had nothing to do with the wall and consisted of pieces of wood, paper, metal, or stretched the strings that are connected in a bizarre composition. Some researchers suggest that this trend comes from Pablo Picasso.
Kalanagar difficult at all to relate to the reliefs. It is an image with depth contours, carved in stone lines. To meet colonography in the art of Ancient Egypt.
Now you know exactly what is the difference between bas-relief and high relief, and what the counter-reliefs and kalanagar. The person possessing this knowledge, to consider the architectural and sculptural constructions much more interesting!