Morality in the paintings of William HogarthWilliam Hogarth - one of the artists, who greatly influenced the English school of painting of the 18th century. He has contributed to the development of realism and genre, as well as sharp social satire.
Childhood and youthpainter Born in 1697 in London. The family lived in poverty. His father was a teacher, sometimes made translations from Latin. Mother was something of a healer and prepared various potions and poultices.
creativity of William's childhood. He was a capable child with an inquisitive mind and the ability to discern, but the school is bad, because in the classroom all the time drew. His already poor family was ruined completely. His father was thrown into debtor's prison, and the responsibility for the maintenance of the mother and sisters fell on the shoulders of young Hogarth. Then began and his career.
ProfessionWilliam Hogarth goes to the students for the silver maker's, where he is learning to work with metal and make prints. There he meets the fashion trends of contemporary Rococo style. He soon opened a workshop, where prints prints own topical content, which was a huge success. Along with this, the artist takes painting lessons with oil.
To the 30 goals he was engaged in book graphics. For example, illustrated a poem by Samuel Butler "Hudibras". The paintings of William Hogarth started writing a couple years after that.
of paintingsPainter has already secured fame for his social and political prints with humorous character, which were in great demand. And so the topics of paintings by William Hogarth were all the same human vices, folly, prejudice. He writes a whole series of paintings in the form of stories with a tragic ending. The artist describes the life situation of different strata of society.
Most famous paintings of William Hogarth - the rake's progress, "Career prostitutes", "Fashion marriage", "parliamentary Elections", "Diligence and laziness". The artist makes fun of the lack in modern society of morality, rotten traditions of the English aristocracy, with its arranged marriages, corrupt officials, denounces drunkenness, violence, reputati.
Trendy a marriagewidely known cycle of moral and instructive works of William Hogarth "Fashionable marriage", 6 paintings which tell about this common phenomenon in society as a marriage of convenience. It was the only chance for the impoverished aristocracy log-in bourgeois circles. Marriage contracts were rather similar to the agreements of purchase and sale. Such marriages - a vivid example of immorality in the society. Almost all the paintings of William Hogarth encompass not only moralistic in nature, but also make fun of the fashion at the time of the French Rococo style, which is expressed in the poses of the characters and in luxury interiors.
description of the scenes of "Fashion marriage"The "Fashionable marriage" tells the story about the Earl of Squander (whose name translates as "the ILO"), which marries his son, the Viscount, the daughter of a wealthy merchant, apparently in order to correct the financial difficulties associated with the waste. The dealer, in turn, the marriage would improve one's social status.
In the first painting depicted the scene in the house of the count during the marriage "deal". We see the salesman with a contract in hand and the count, who shows him a scroll with the family tree of his noble family. At the same time their children are completely indifferent to each other. And the personification of such a marriage are the two dogs, against the will chained.
Second painting shows the newly-married. The room is a mess. The dog exposes the infidelity of the young husband, pulling from his pocket a female cap. The Manager, waving it all hand out with a bunch of unpaid bills.
Third scene takes place in the doctor's office, where the Viscount had come with his mistress for a very specific reason. A black spot on his neck - a clear sign of syphilis. Also signs of disease visible in a woman who, apparently, threatens the doctor with a knife, and the girl who is holding a box of medicine. The same box and the Viscount in her hands. It also threatens the doctor - prescribed pills did not work.
Fourth picture shows us the young wife's boudoir. The scene is full of hidden hints. The decoration of the boudoir, the crown says that the old Earl has died and she received the title of Countess. Everywhere you can see hints of her infidelity to her husband. We see the familiar for the first picture of the character, which is cute talking to the Countess, and on the wall hangs a portrait of him. Most likely, they're lovers. Other paintings on the wall explicit erotic content. Page boy holding a figure of a horned Actaeon as a symbol of infidelity.
scene five is frankly tragic. The Countess retired with her lover and betrayed her husband. The husband caught them and caught "on hot". Apparently, between the men was a duel with swords, in which the Viscount had received a mortal wound. The lover hastily retreats through the window, and the wife on her knees asking her husband's forgiveness.
Sixth film is the apotheosis of an arranged marriage. We see the house of a merchant, father of the Countess. She read in the newspaper that was lying at her feet, that her lover was executed for murder. With grief she takes poison. The two men quarrel, most likely, is a doctor who scolds the servant. Since this marriage was only daughter and did not have a son who could inherit the title of count, for whom everything started, the title was lost. The merchant was left with nothing. And finally benefit from the current situation removed only skinny dog, which, on this occasion, decided to eat from the table.
Description paintings by William Hogarth "self-Portrait with dog"Hogarth was not only a painter-satirist, but also a talented portrait painter. Most unusual is his "self-Portrait", in which he portrayed himself with his beloved dog.
On the picture of the dog sitting next to the portrait standing on the volumes of Milton, Shakespeare and swift. Rather, it is the authors favorite artist. In the foreground is the palette. Looks self portrait of William Hogarth as a picture within a picture, where he portrayed himself surrounded by dear to the heart of things.
Painter died in 1764 in London.
Hogarth was a pioneer in the genre of English painting. During his artistic career he not only created a large number of paintings prints, but also wrote a treatise on painting "the Analysis of beauty". The paintings of William Hogarth received a wide resonance in the art of Europe. However, a worthy successor in his homeland, the artist was not there.