Flute - it is a feature of ancient architectureFor each epoch, for each country, which was characterized by its own unique culture, typical of those or other architectural features. But it happens that the idea of a certain ancient Creator intended solely for his native region, acquired global scale. In this category fall the infamous flute. This phenomenon was first discovered in the buildings of Ancient Egypt. What was his fate?
Descriptionso the flutes are vertical grooves encircling the perimeter of the semicircle columns or pilasters. Due to them, these architectural constructions are raised and unique. Thoroughly unknown how or why ancient masters produced such creations. Guided by logic, we can assume that the flute has produced some visual effects. Small grooves are densely concentrated on the column, made it more massive, high and voluminous. It could give the building grandeur and power. Conversely, a building with columns, on which the flute was too massive, and their number hardly exceeded a dozen, seemed to be more brittle and seemed smaller in size than it actually is.
HistoryAs noted above, modern historians don't know the author of this architectural features. Also a mystery remains why the invention of the flute. This, however, has not prevented archaeologists to establish the approximate date and place of birth of this phenomenon. We are talking about Egypt in the late III - early II Millennium BC It is in the developed country architects first began to decorate the columns fluted, the number of which was strictly either 8 or 16. Ancient Egyptian building with columns had another important feature. The grooves took its origin at the base of the trunk and ended at the top edge. The fact that in other cultures and in more recent times the position of the flute is somewhat different, as will be discussed below.
antiquityCloser to the first Millennium BC vertical grooves on the shaft of the column became the property of the ancient architects. In Ancient Greece and in the Roman Empire flute was also solid, that is gone from the bottom to the top of the column. But their width and frequency are significantly changed. Antique the creators made the grooves more narrow, due to which they were able to increase the number of pilastre or column. Due to this, all the buildings created by their designs, looks incredibly majestic, they seem huge and vast. In fact, the success of the 50 percent lies in the visual effect. The antiquity of this architectural feature moved to the European classics, and read about it below.
a revival of the old traditionsafter Learning about what a flute in the architecture, each read is ready to swear that he had seen such in the city. Indeed, some of the buildings built relatively recently, in the early twentieth century, can boast of having the vertical grooves. How so? First make a small digression. In the medieval period, as you know, people have completely renounced all ancient values. For a long time about all the creations of that era, no one remembered, and it lasted for oblivion right up to the end of the nineteenth century.
art Nouveau Style, which became then very popular in all branches of art, decided to revive the tradition buried in the Sands of the past. Together with them and remembered about the flutes. This architectural creation was again widely used as European and Russian masters. That is why we often see not so old buildings, columns which are decorated with grooves, in Europe and in his homeland.
Otto WagnerOne of the leaders among the architects of modern direction named Otto Wagner gave a completely new life to the flute. First, it made them less deep and less wide. This innovation gave the opportunity to use it not only for the decoration of the columns, but also to upgrade the walls. The flute Wagner has another remarkable feature: they originate at the very top of the wall or pilasters, but never reach the bottom. Instead, they are cut off and merged into a triangle pointing down.
it is Worth noting that this innovation, Wagner has attracted the St. Petersburg architects, creative in times of prosperity of the art Nouveau style.