The paintings of William Hogarth with descriptions and names
Hogarth, William (1697-1764) was an English printmaker, painter and art theorist. Paintings by William Hogarth, made a living in a realistic style, he revealed the evils of contemporary society.
“self-Portrait with dog" (1745). Tate gallery, London
in addition to the paintings of William Hogarth with his favourite pug also known self portrait at the easel in a wig. But we will focus on the canvas with his dog trump, because the artist has collected in it all that he holds dear and sweet. First, a favorite dog, which was a loyal friend of the painter. Second, the three volumes of his favorite books, the authors were Milton, Shakespeare and swift. From the works of these geniuses took the ideas of his paintings William Hogarth. The description of the portrait that we started will be continued below. The artist was very friendly with swift, who supported the desire of the painter to crush the evils of society satire. The artist, who believed that at this time he had no equal in England, for his portrait was approached with irony. He exalts himself, and pictures in home clothes: without a wig, with a warm hat and a housecoat. His face completely relaxed. This strong-willed man with rather heavy features-made in the life of myself and legitimately proud of it. Before him is placed in front palette with a wavy line, which he called the line of beauty. The artist's eyes closely and openly looking at the viewer. He stares at us, studying their characters. The composition of his very unusual: a picture within a picture. The style of this portrait-still life with elements of Baroque, as it is enclosed in an oval, which was widely used until the late seventeenth century.
CreativitySix paintings and prints (not preserved all the paintings, part of it remains only in the engravings) make up the cycle about the life of a girl from a province in the capital was the special of easy virtue. They were executed in 1730–1731 years (“harlot's progress”). Printmaking became popular. They were sold in almost every bookstore. The founder of the English school of painting was known as cycles of their paintings, which we have already mentioned, as well as portraits, impressive satire on the Church, – “Sleeping flock" (1728–1729), creative people – “Tortured poet” and judges are – “Accusation" (1729) and “Court” (1758). The last picture is just scary to look at the face of the judge, which resembles the face of a bulldog.
This stranglehold clung to the defendant and sued regardless of fault. First, the artist was irritated by the public criticism and brightness of his works. The paintings of William Hogarth attacked because of the brightness of color, exquisite beauty palette, the unusual freshness, and he was an innovator and reformer in English painting. If portraits were a group, the master lined them up in front of us both on stage, treating subjects as a writer, exacerbating the image of their characters. The paintings of William Hogarth show their vulgarity, immorality, rudeness of manners. Art, as Hogarth believed, must develop the soul and mind, not just to entertain, as did Rococo.
“the girl with the shrimp" (about 1760-ies)
Impossible to pass by this canvas, radiating the joy of life. Inside this portrait is the light. Here, as in ‘Portraits of servants”, the painter ceases to be a satirist. He is full of admiration for the young girl who, as the crown is on the head of a shrimp platter. Depicted vpoloborota model illuminated by the solar rays. The work is dynamic, powerful strokes. There are no subtle color transitions. Complex flavor, which combines Golden, brownish and pinkish colours, laid out on simple components. Therefore, there is an impression that the picture tells itself in the eyes of the viewer. This is a snapshot of the artist's impression – a leap through the centuries to impressionism. In this work, manifested love of the common man of the people. The way saleswomen are extremely charming. It – one of the most famous paintings of the artist, in which he demonstrates all of the natural basis of a person living without a mask.
portraits of the mastersboth male and female and children's portraits Hogarth almost never wrote to order. His heroes are close to him in spirit people. It's either his family or friends. So they painted the respect and sympathy for the models. In them we find effeminacy and mincing Rococo. On the contrary, we discover the integrity of nature depicted person. Hogarth also shows their earthly pornotravestis.
as an Example can serve as “Miss Mary Edwards" (1740, private collection, new York), “Children of the Graham family" (1742), “Mrs Salter” (&≈; 1741 or 1744). The two last paintings are exhibited at the Tate gallery (London).
History of the satirical seriesIn 1743–1745 Hogarth wrote a series of six paintings. They mocked the high society. The son of an impoverished aristocrat had decided to marry the daughter of a rich bourgeois and improve their financial situation. the paintings of Hogarth “Fashionable marriage” – is a parody of high society, which, forgetting about honor and dignity, from the desire for material goods sought to approach him in any way, even an unequal marriage. Each painting William Hogarth the ‘Fashionable marriage” carefully and consistently traces its evolution until the death of all the main characters. Them the marriage brought not only happiness, but also destroyed hopes for a normal human life.
William Hogarth, the ‘Fashionable marriage”: a description of a picturethe
- the Start of the series – the signing of the marriage contract, in which you are interested only the parents of the future spouses. The young don't even look at each other. The groom sees itself in the mirror, the bride flirts with the lawyer.
- Picture two. It is late morning of the spouses, rather the day. The husband spent the night not at home and wife – for maps. They sit together at one table, but do not pay any attention to himself or the half.
the Wife, stretching, ugly, obscenely planted his feet. Husband prostrate collapsed in a chair and barely kept on it. From the pocket of his coat sticks women's cap who is trying to get a lap dog. Symbol of bad marriage was the painting with Cupid, which has no arrows of love.
- act III. The Viscount with his young mistress come to the doctor to get cured of venereal disease. Judging by the raging scandal, the previous treatment has not brought benefits.
- the Fourth episode. In the boudoir of the Countess, filled with bored guests, performed her morning toilet. She is trying to copy the “big outputs" of the French king. There is a lawyer who was in the first picture. In this house it – its people, whom he delighted the Countess. Servant-a Negro brings the statue – deer with horns. This is one of the hints on the infidelity of his wife, which many on the canvas.
- Fifth picture. Husband caught his wife with her lover, challenged him to a duel and received a mortal wound.
a half-Naked amant escapes out the window. The Countess, on her knees, begging forgiveness from her husband.
- completion of the cycle. Having learned from the Newspapers that are thrown on the floor, about the execution of her lover, the Countess takes poison. To bring her daughter to say goodbye, which is marked on the face with a spot of syphilis. Other children in the family was not. This means that the counts will soon be interrupted.
Summing up, we emphasize once again that the painter was an innovator, who in the spirit of the Enlightenment showed the flaws and the shadow side of society.(rsya6)