The Works Of Annibale CarracciAnnibale Carracci (1560-1609)— a famous painter from Bologna who became a reformer of Italian art. Along with his brothers — Agostino and Lodovico opened a school of painting. The tradition of antiquity and of the Renaissance in his paintings, studied fresco paintings, drawing and engravings.
creative activitiesBiography of Annibale Carracci (Annibale Carracci) originates in Bologna, where he was born in 1560 in a family of craftsmen. Growing up and taking the example of two brothers, Annibale decided to devote his life to art: the cousin of Lodovico, he studied painting, the older'agostino — engraving.
His younger years he spent traveling to Venice, Florence and Parma, while learning various painting techniques, studying the works of Correggio, Titian, Raphael and Michelangelo.
Back in 1582 in Bologna, together with the Carracci brothers founded “the Academy has entered on the true way” involved in the training of students and creation of works of painting. The students in this private workshop were trained, as was the custom in the picturesque Italian schools, copying the works of old masters, and wrote also from nature. Between them was arranged competitions, where to answer the questions of the teachers had their pictures, being able to defend my work in front of others.
Participating in joint projects, each of the brothers continued to do personal work, often they would hold a competition on the number of orders executed per month. Among the “trio Carracci" of the work of Annibale was the most talented and original already in his first works emerged innovative techniques that were incompatible with legacy scenic doctrines. The orders he managed to perform not only from the inhabitants of Bologna and other Italian cities.
the First major jobthe Bologna period of the artist's life (1582-1594) is characterized by the creation of paintings of mythological subjects, landscapes, portraits and altar images.
In 1584 was finished painting the three rooms of the Palazzo Fava in Bologna — a lot of work, over which the brothers worked for almost two years. This cycle of frescoes, executed in a single plastic key that represents scenes from the myths: the adventures of Jason, the history of Aeneas, the rape of Europa.
One of the important works in this period — the picture of Annibale Carracci “Dead Christ" (1582), in which the young artist shows mastery of the brush and perspective, the ability to Express feelings, using very small tools. The theme of the lamentation of Christ artist will return in later paintings.
portraits and self-PortraitsAmong the works of Annibale Carracci, a large portion of his self-portraits. Artist with a passion drew himself, expecting that his descendants will be able to see the entire evolution of his life not only in appearance but also in emotional changes.
Most famous of these "self-Portrait of Annibale Carracci with his nephew Antonio” and “self-Portrait on a palette" (1590-ies).
portrait of the artist has always performed in an informal tone, portraying ordinary people in a typical situation of that time. And his manner was always present something non-standard, allows you to truthfully convey the nature of man, noting his roughness or inferiority, not bringing it closer to the ideal.
Interesting written in the early 1580s, grotesque portraits of the "Eater of beans” and “Young man with a monkey”, in which the artist reveals the true nature of man with some sense of humor.
the Art of caricatureBright picture “Butcher” (1582) A. Carracci among professionals is considered the first genre painting, an attempt of interpretation of everyday situations with the help of monumental art. It was written in the popular in those years, in Northern Italy the style of “market scene”, in which the artist emphasizes the dependence of man from the social environment and profession. Rough real world and folksy type of workers of shop do not cause negative feelings, but convey the character of the people.
In the paintings of Annibale Carracci and his brother Agostino was first used by a caricature of the methods of painting, when the character moved the audience with his flaws, which are specially increased to create a funny effect. In the beginning of his activities Annibale lot of time was devoted to the works of physiognomic studies, aiming to bringing the comic elements.
Creation of the cartoons attributed to A. Carracci, which presumably created and stored in the British Museum caricature sheet (1595), which shows male and female faces in a grotesque form.
Frescos in the gallery FarneseOne of the most famous works of Annibale Carracci paintings, highly appreciated by professionals, painted with frescos of the Gallery of the Palazzo Farnese in Rome, where he was invited brothers cardinal in 1595 Annibale Initially received an order for painting work-room in the Palace, and then, along with hotels in Rome Agostino, he has been working on the ceremonial Palace interiors. This project took almost eight years of my life.
Using as policy proposals the theme of the triumph of love, Annibale made the painting torispherical arch, walls and lunettes. The composition of frescoes on mythological subjects, inspired by the “Metamorphosis” the Roman poet Ovid composed a meaningful and diverse, for what is deservedly considered the most successful and the most significant work of the artist. “the Triumph of Bacchus and Ariadne», «Jupiter and Juno” — these works of Annibale Carracci brought worldwide fame, have become an example of the creation of decorative ensembles for the artists of the XVII-XVIII centuries.
design of the murals was done with the help of stucco elements and figures of Atlantis, and youths, and supporting details. Stories and unusual elements reminiscent of the brilliant works of Michelangelo in the Sistine chapel.
However, the payment for his work, the artist got a small, and, considering himself offended by the customer, he goes home to Bologna.
Prints and drawingsin addition to large-scale paintings, frescoes and paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects, Annibale Carracci showed his talent when creating prints. The theme he selected from the ancient and biblical scenes, according to his own taste, in their spare time was busy writing landscapes.
in addition to prints, he paid attention to practice drawing, and also performed in various orders. For the aristocrats of Rome, he writes the secular paintings in various formats, performs altar images for urban cathedrals.
Paintings of the Cathedral and of the chapel AldobrandiniIn 1600 at the invitation of T. Cerasi two great artists-Caravaggio and Carracci were invited to work on the murals of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Popolo. All work is dedicated to the virgin and St. Peter and Paul. Annibale was a non-religious person, so scenes and characters tried to put in a pleasant landscape, which is not very had to taste the representatives of the Church, resulting in Carracci refused further work and instructed her disciples.
Last major order left unfinished — working on a six lunettes of the Chapel Aldobrandini. The artist painted only two paintings called "the Burial of Christ" (1595), and “Flight into Egypt" (1602). In his works he tried to reproduce the universal picture of the world, zhivopisuya picture perfect nature, against which chamber are the figures of the saints, the boatman or the shepherd grazing herd. This mapping of the world and specific people creates a sense of the idyllic flow of life, so that the experts consider him a Creator of the classic image of nature.
commissioned By the family of cardinal was created to work ‘Pieta Farnese" (1600), in which Carracci turned to the traditional iconographic scheme, being able to convey her true feelings: grief of Mary over the lying body of Christ.
Recent yearssince 1603, and Annibale Carracci experiencing several periods of depression, feeling unwanted and forgotten, plagued by rheumatic pains, which hinder you to do what you love.
Trying to stay away from Rome, the artist moved in 1609 in Naples. In one of the journeys, while trying to cross the Pontine marshes, it catches up with the disease. A talented painter died all alone before the age of 50 years.
After his death through the efforts of disciples of the remains of the artist were buried in the Pantheon near genius Maestro Rafael dreamed Carracci during his lifetime.
In his work of Annibale sought to achieve harmony of reality, in combination with the classical models of painting. Modern scholars think he's a brilliant artist who stands at the origins of classicism.