Uzbek ornament: hidden meaning
Where to use Uzbek ornaments?Almost every applied art of Uzbekistan have used a variety of patterns and designs, many of which have ancient names that reflect their meaning. Ornament is embellished with fabric made in the technique “abrband" (translated, it means "tied to the cloud”) – a traditional technique of weaving, when the threads of the future of the fabric by hand and bind into bundles, which form a unique pattern. Also often clothes and household items were decorated with artful embroidery.
In General, patterns were covered with festive men's clothing, wedding apparel bride wedding veil, sashes, cases for knives, mirrors, etc. in addition, decorated with many household items: blankets, tablecloths, prayer mats.
In the 19th century formed several main centers of cities, where professionally engaged in artistic embroidery-Bukhara, Fergana, Nurata and others, all of which were used features of the ornament of his native land. And at the end of the 19th century there were machines for making embroidery, which are used up to our days.
Uzbek dishesin Addition to this form of art, ornament is used for decorating glassware, which is performed mainly in blue, white, blue colours with yellow, red and brown. It is often used a stylized image of cotton, the cultivation of which Uzbekistan became famous in the Soviet period – it is known as the "buttermilk" (in Uzbek this word means "cotton"). Dishes from Uzbek ornament is popular around the world.
Common motivesthe Most common theme of Uzbek ornaments and patterns is the motif of a flowered garden – the concentrated symbol of happiness, prosperity and well-being. Image colors have their own symbolism, so, the blue cornflower marked young man, red poppy – beautiful girl, Tulip – chastity and innocence, and rose – the harmony and beauty of the world.
Often, in the ornaments used images of plants and flowers, for one reason or another considered to be Uzbeks healing or sacred (it is in principle typical of national patterns). For example, the almond was a symbol of longevity and health, pepper – protection from all evil and purification, and the image of the pomegranate represents wealth and abundance.
In the lush thickets of plants to hide the Uzbek ornaments beautiful birds, whose images call happiness in the family. Nightingale meant wisdom, colorful feathers of pheasants, peacocks and roosters with their bright colors guarded from the evil eye. For the same purpose used the ornament under the name “trail of the snake». Also Uzbeks are widely used and images of other animals in your crafts: you can also see sheep symbolized courage and bravery.
Often used the symbolism of the Sun, moon, stars, the universe is conventionally depicted as a bouquet in exquisite vases. Present in ornaments and household items, but they had a certain semantic connotation: for example, knives were designed to protect from attacks and evil, light – to protect the space from evil spirits. Sometimes the patterns used architectural texts and images.