American artist Edward Hopper: biography, work, pictures and interesting facts

<span>Each national school of painting may be noted several of its best representatives. As Russian painting of the twentieth century is impossible without Malevich and the American - no </span><span>Edward hopper</span><span>. In his works, no revolutionary ideas and controversial issues, no conflicts and complex stories, but they are all drenched in a special atmosphere, which we are not always able to feel in everyday life. Hopper brought American painting to the world level. His followers were David Lynch and other later artists. </span>


Childhood and adolescence

<span>Edward Hopper</span><span> was born in 1882, in Nwasco. His family had average income, and therefore could provide young Edward proper education. After moving in 1899 to new York he enrolled in the school artists in advertising, and then goes to a prestigious school Robert Henry. Parents strongly supported the young artist and tried to develop his talent.</span>

Travel in Europe

<span>After school </span><span>Edward Hopper</span><span> have worked all year in the new York advertising Agency and in 1906 went to Europe. This trip was supposed to open he was already well-known artists of other schools, to meet Picasso, Manet, Rembrandt, El Greco, Degas, and Hals. </span>
<span>Oslovn, all the artists who have visited Europe or studied there, can be divided into three categories. The first immediately responded to the already existing experience of the great masters, and rapidly conquered the world with their innovative style or genius works. This category, of course, more true of Picasso. Others, because of their nature or other reasons remained unknown, but very talented artists. Others (that are more applicable to Russian painters) took the experience home with them and already they created their best work. </span>
<span>However, in this period begins to demonstrate the separateness and uniqueness of style in</span><span> the works of Edward hopper</span><span>. In contrast to all young artists, he is not passionately fond of any new schools and techniques and applies to everything quite calmly. Periodically, he returned to new York, then went to Paris. Europe captured it entirely. However, it would be wrong to assume that this attitude characterizes the hopper as Infante or the person is unable to appreciate fully the already existing brilliant artistic heritage of other masters. It is precisely the style of the artist </span><span>Edward hopper</span><span>current calmness and tranquility, behind which always hides a deeper meaning. </span>



<span>As already mentioned, all of the masters produced </span><span>Edward hopper</span><span> bright, but short-lived impression. He was quickly fascinated by the technique and style of an author, but always returned to his own. To the greatest extent he admired Manet's paintings and Degas. We can say that their styles are even echoed. But the works of Picasso, as he said himself Hopper, he didn't even notice. In such a fact to believe is difficult, because Pablo Picasso was probably the most famous among the artists. However, the fact remains.</span>
<span>After returning to new York Hopper has never left America.</span>


<span>the Path of Edward hopper, though he was not filled with sharply dissonant dramas and scandals, still was difficult. </span>
<span>In 1913, the artist returned permanently to new York, settled in a house on Washington square. Early career seems to be working well - the first</span><span> painting Edward hopper</span><span> were sold in the same year 1913. However, this success temporarily ends. Their work Hopper was first shown at the exhibition Armory show in new York, which was conceived as a contemporary art exhibition. Here the style of Edward hopper played a trick on him - against the backdrop of avant-garde paintings of Picasso, Picabia and other artists, paintings of hopper looked very humble and even provincial. His plan was not understood by his contemporaries. </span><span>the Painting by Edward hopper</span><span>, perceived by critics and viewers as an ordinary realism, do not carry any artistic value. So begins a period of “silence”. Hopper experiencing financial difficulties, therefore, forced to occupy the position of Illustrator.</span>


<span>Experiencing the hardships of the situation, Edward Hopper undertakes private commissions for commercial publications. At the time the artist leaves paintings and works in technique of etching - engraving, which is performed mainly on the metal surface. In 1910-th years etching was most suited to the printing activities. Hopper was never in the service, so had to work more diligently. Besides this situation had its negative impact on health - often the artist fell into a severe depression.</span>
<span>from this we can assume that Edward Hopper as a painter might lose skills over the years who were not engaged in painting. But, fortunately, this did not happen. </span>


Return after “silence”

<span>Like any talent, Edward hopper had to help. And in 1920, the artist was acquainted with some of Gertrude Whitney - a very wealthy woman who is very keenly interested in art. She was the daughter of a famous millionaire Vanderbilt, so could afford to be a philanthropist. So, Gertrude Whitney wanted to collect works of American artists and, of course, to help them and to provide conditions for work.</span>
<span>So, in 1920, she arranges for Edward hopper his first exhibition. Now the public reacted to his work with great interest. Special attention was paid to such </span><span>Edward hopper painting,</span><span> as “the Evening breeze” and “Night” as well as some of his etchings.</span>
<span>However, this was still not a stunning success. And financial position of the hopper has hardly improved, so he was forced to continue the work of the Illustrator. </span>


welcome recognition

<span>After several years “silence” Edward Hopper finally returned to painting. He has hope that his talent will be appreciated.</span>
<span>In 1923, Hopper married Josephine Verstil - young artist. Their family life was quite complicated - Joe jealous husband, and even forbade him to draw the female Nude. However, such details of his personal life are not relevant to us. I wonder what Joe advised hopper to try in watercolors. And, to his credit, this style brought him to success. </span>
<span>the Second exhibition was organized at the Brooklyn Museum. Here was presented six works of Edward hopper. One of the paintings the Museum acquired for its collection. This is the starting point of creative upsurge in the artist's life.</span>


style Formation

<span>in the period when Edward Hopper chose watercolour as the basic technique, finally crystallised his own style. Hopper paintings always show a completely simple situation - people in their natural form, in the ordinary cities. However, each story hides a subtle psychological picture that shows deep feelings and States of mind. </span>
<span>Like </span><span>“night Owls” artist Edward hopper </span><span>at first glance may seem too simple - just a night cafe, a waiter and three customers. However, this painting has two stories. According to one version, “night Owls” appeared as a result of the experiences of “the Night cafe in Arles” van Gogh. And according to another version, the story was a reflection of the short story by E. Hemingway “Killer”. Filmed in 1946, the film “Killer” full is considered to be the embodiment of not only the literary source, but for the style of the paintings of hopper. It is important to note that </span><span>"Night hawks" Edward hopper</span><span> (known as “night Owls”) has largely influenced the style of another artist - David Lynch.</span>
<span>At the same time the Hopper drops and etching technique. Although he had not experienced financial difficulties yet continued to create engravings. Of course, this genre influenced the painting of the master. The unique combination of techniques found in many of his works. </span>


<span> 1930 the success of the hopper becomes irreversible. His work is gaining more and more popularity and are present in the collections of almost all museums of America. For one only in 1931 it was sold about 30 of his paintings. Two years later, in new York's Museum held a personal exhibition. With the improvement of the financial situation transformered and style hopper. They have the opportunity to leave the city and to draw landscapes. So, besides the city, the artist starts to paint a small house and nature.</span>



<span>In the works of hopper's images as if frozen to stop. Become visible to all those details that are impossible to capture in everyday life, to assess their significance. This is partly justified by the interest of the Directors to the paintings of hopper. His paintings can look like alternating frames of film. </span>
<span>the Realism of hopper is very closely interwoven with symbolism. One of the techniques open Windows and doors as displaying the ringing of loneliness. To what extent this symbolism reflected the state of mind of the author. A little half-open window of the room, the door to the cafe, where only one visitor, show one person among the huge world. Many years spent in solitude in search of opportunities to create, influenced the attitude of the artist. In the paintings the soul of man is like, opened, exposed, however, nobody notices her. </span>
<span>For example, you can see a picture of Edward hopper's "Reclining nude,". The image of a naked girl as though saturated with apathy and silence. And the soft colors and the fragility of watercolors highlight this state of bliss and emptiness. Mentally filled the whole plot - a young woman in an empty room, lost in thought. This is another characteristic of the work of hopper the opportunity to present the situation, the circumstances that brought the characters into such a situation.</span>
<span>Another important symbol in the paintings of masters of steel and glass. The same “night Owls” show us the characters through the window of the café. This move very often you can see in the works of hopper. Thus also expresses the loneliness of the characters. The inability, or the inability to start a conversation - this is glass. It is transparent and sometimes even invisible, but still cold and strong. As a barrier that isolates them from all over the world. This can be seen in the films “Machine”, “Morning sun", "Office in new York city”. </span>



<span>To the end of life Edward Hopper did not stop work. Your last picture "Comedians" he has created just two years before his death. The artist has participated in all exhibitions “Whitney hall” - the Museum created by his patron Gertrude Whitney. In 2012 was released 8 short films devoted to the artist. Any person at least a little familiar with his work, I would say that </span><span>"Night hawks" artist Edward hopper -</span><span> this is one of his most famous paintings. Reproductions of his works are now in demand all over the world, and the originals are very highly evaluated. The uniqueness of his talent were still able to break through the fashion in those days, the avant-garde, through critical views of the public, the hardships of the unemployed position. Edward hopper painting entered the history of painting as a very fine psychological work, endearing in its depth. </span>