Tristan Tzara and his work in the modern contextthe Modern world is changing every second. It seems to us that everything that happens is unique and belongs to our century. However, at all times, people were troubled by similar problems.
At the beginning of the 20th century, a group of young artists sought his own way of expression, a struggle with the hypocritical public morality and art of the postwar period.
One of the famous "revolutionaries" of the art was Tristan Tzara. It is believed that he invented called friends for "Dada". Such an intricate word came from French, "dada", which means "wooden rocking horse" and represents the children's simple fun, primitive infantile attitude to life.
And Tristan gave a familiar word new meaning. Dadaism in art became a form of protest. Against war, against the absurdity of life, against the hypocrisy of society.
Tzara and Dadaism
Dada appeared in Switzerland in 1916, where he lived at that time, Tristan Tzara. During the first world war in this country were a lot of creative young people sought refuge from military service. Switzerland kept neutral and not directly involved in the war. In the biography of Tristan call Romanian-French poet as well as author, publisher and one of the founders of surrealism in literature. Tristan Tzara is a literary pseudonym. The real name of the poet Dadaist - Samuel Rosenstock. He was born in a wealthy Jewish family, lived and studied in Romania, was a student of mathematics and philosophy faculty of the University in Bucharest, he studied French literature. Because of the war and in search of creative life, he decided to emigrate to Switzerland. In 1915 the Romanian student became a Swiss poet Tristan Tzara. This alias was inspired by Wagner's Opera "Tristan and Isolde" and the word "Tzara" in Romanian means "land" or "country".
work of Tristan Tzara translated into Russian language and published in anthologies of foreign poetry, but also published a collection of separate poems. In Romania, Tzara's poetic idols was Arthur Rambo, Christian Morgenstern, a Romanian writer and poet demetria Demetrescu-Buzau (Wrmus). Later, in Switzerland, he began to correspond with French poets Andre Breton Philippe Supa and Louis Aragon. They were fascinated by the works of Tzara, which were published in the literary journal of the Dadaists and other publications.
Our hero is engaged in publishing, he published a journal Dada, which published poems of the Dadaists - and their supporters.
contemporary artQuotes of community members still ring true today:
“Dada is the freest man on earth”.
“Who lives for today — live forever”.
“I'm against every system. The most appropriate system — have no system”.
“the Poet must be hard on his work that it became necessary. All the rest, called literature, is a collection of human stupidity intended for future professors”.
“Dada means nothing, nothing, nothing, will leave nothing, nothing, nothing”.
However, your first magazine Tzara began to publish in Romania, 1912, together with the Lyceum comrade Marcel janco. The magazine Simbolul was called and told about the achievements of the French symbolists, whose work young Samuel was fond of.
What are the achievements of the Dadaists is still relevant today? One of the artistic expressive means of the Dadaists became a collage. It was used to create as paintings and poems. Tzara cut out newspaper articles words, mixed them, and put in a random order. This was the Genesis of the whole work - as it seemed devoid of meaning phrases that were added and numbers and doodles, and just letters. Similar work has been called "vers Libre" - free verse. Such provocations in art has become the brand style of the Dadaists. For pictures, cut out pictures from various books on Zoology, anatomy, old prints, which were pasted on the Foundation without any system.
Other inventions Dada, installation, graffiti, photo montage. These forms of expression of the artist not as popular these days and are considered modern and trendy. But this is only the development of the findings of the revolutionaries of art who lived a hundred years ago.
Written by Tristan Tzara poems are as follows:
will Mute the century of the day Sunday the blood current,
Weeks burden gave way to the knees.
Inside newfound falling down
Ringing the bell in vain, and we
And we rejoice in the chains clang,
with the ringing of bells in our sound.
the works of Tristan TzaraIn 1920, Tzara arrived in Paris. And in 1922, he "buried" them as is born within, in the tradition of Dadaism compose a funeral speech style. However, the Dadaists did not leave the scene and continue the experiments in the context of such movements as surrealism and expressionism.
Famous works of artists of the time, friends of the poet, depicting Tristan Tzara. Pictures with names are provided below.
first we need to highlight the "Portrait of Tristan Tzara". It was written by the artist Robert Delaunay in 1923. There are "Pajamas for Tristan Tzara. The author is Sonia Delaunay. Not to mention the mask-a portrait of Tristan. This is the work of the artist Marcel janco.
Tristan Tzara lived very long, but colorful and eventful life. He was born April 16, 1896, and died in Paris in Christmas 1963.
Tristan is considered the founder of a new direction, a strong emotional poet, had a great influence on the further development of art. Poetry was the life for Tristan, he was doing it as some kind of activity, he lived it, and even the manifestos of Tzara's poetic. They are also interesting because are a fine example of a kind of poetic-literary provocation Deplete the canons in the name of pure art.