The artist Fragonard: interesting facts, picture with namesJean-honoré Fragonard (1732-1806) – painter and engraver, sensual and sophisticated, epicurean, its atmosphere of the Rococo period. It is primarily a pastoral and gallant master of the genre in all its myriad manifestations. We will try to present his most famous and expressive works. We begin, however, with a brief biography of the artist Fragonard.
way of Life of the pupil of J.-B. Chardin and F. BoucherJean-honoré was born in Sunny Provence, in the town of Grasse. His father sewed gloves, but went bankrupt, and the family in search of a better life moved to Paris. A teen boy give at the training of the notary. But the desire to become an artist, changing the cool life, was so great that he goes to the Studio of a recognized master, Francois Boucher. The skill of Jean-Honore small, and after six months he goes for training to Chardin, and then returns to the Bush. Jean-honoré learn by copying the teacher's work. They become impossible to distinguish from the paintings of Boucher. The artist Fragonard gradually formed, portraying a lovely young female villagers with babies, cars flowers, lambs. An example is the picture of "Cowgirl" (1752).
Corsage dress is backless, the upper skirt matched. Her line of whimsical, meandering. Girl beautiful handles holds the branch of a tree and wreath. Standing next to a basket filled with colourful flowers and a pretty white lamb. A festive and happy mood flowing with paintings by Fragonard. Such works were in great demand. But the artist Fragonard did not stop there. He copied the old masters, deeper into Rembrandt, and later – by Rubens. As a result, after one of his paintings on historical subjects, he received the Academy Gold medal and was sent to Rome. In Italy the painter was influenced by Tiepolo.
Return to Parisafter Returning home, the artist Fragonard has completely abandoned the religious and classical subjects, devoting their creativity to the scenes of love, play, lust. With them his name is now associated. Enough to bring some paintings with the names of the artist Fragonard: “Won the kiss”, “the Kidnapping of shirts Cupid”, “a Welcome moment”, “love as a folly”, “playing with fire”, “the Guardian of love”, “bathers”, “Fountain of love”, “Happy love”, “Valve”, “Love dreams”. This is not everything that is written by the master. After all, he had over 500 works! Is this not interesting!
Features of artthe works of Fragonard multifaceted, changeable. He worked in almost all genres with remarkable artistry and craftsmanship: painted, painted with bistre, sanguine, pencil, ink, watercolor. The technique of etching he, too, was subject. Throughout the creative way he's been influenced by different artists and wrote in different manners. But the works of honoré Fragonard are always recognizable in his paintings are almost all gallant-erotic motifs of the XVIII century – a passionate embrace and a playful game, genre love scenes and Nude bathers, who are more like marine molluscs. Daily episode selection by the artist nature is getting under the brush of Jean-honoré spicy, playful (“the Artist and his model"). The lightness of images and plots is offset by the highest talent and brimming with poetry. The paintings of Fragonard charm intoxicating beauty of life, sincerity, purity and freshness of feelings. For example, “the Game of hide and seek" (1769, Toledo).
the Richness of his palette is, in short, smears of pure color (wide, flowing or abrupt, short), which are combined with mixed colors. It will be too late to fascinate Impressionists. And the last thing you need to say. All his works Fragonard was saturated with light. In the shadows the plot thickens almost to black or start to Shine pearlescent-white, pink or Golden undertones. The light softly wraps around all the form and fills the space, creating the artist's touch.
Spicy storyAccording to the order in 1762, the painting “Swing”. Jean-Honore Fragonard associated with most fans of his works from this work.
swirling wildly and Magnificently tall trees and shrubs of the Park fill the area of the work. They “harden” in foreground, beautifully drawn leaves and flowers. The rest of the environment is immersed in a greenish-brown shade. It pervades the sun, lighting up the blue sky, against which soared on a swing with a red velvet seat a young beauty like a delicate air to the butterfly. She knows he rocks back, sees the second of a young man who hid in the bushes. He is very young and exquisitely mannered. Flirty with pleasure not adhere to the lush coral pink skirts. They are high rise and reveal to admiring eyes the lovely legs that beauty gives pleasure to admire. With a playfulness she throws into the air the Shoe, as if giving her secret admirer. Three characters gallant scene innocently-sensual and a bit naive. These qualities make them a part of the environment. Standing on the podium Cupid Falcone slyly presses a finger to her lips, urging everyone to just silently admire the gallant scene. The picture is easy to understand because it is connected with the material beauty of life and theatre. The whole composition is developed by the author from a joke in a beautiful poem.
Park cycle-70 yearsAs a true son of his time, the artist was fond of landscape art and inspiration wrote that trees with huge luminous sky and melting clouds. Their huge size served as a contrast to the small figures of people. An example is a painting of Jean Fragonard: “Elegant company, were planted in the Park”, “Island of love”, “the Blossoming of love: love letters”, “Holiday in Saint-cloud”, “the Blossoming of love: persecution”. In particular, we propose to look at “a Small Park”.
the Wizard has made to the perception of nature a touch of entertainment, softness, intimacy, and subtlety. He looks at structurally organized nature. In melting the mass of trees and clouds light and color form a single whole, embodying the material world in poetry. Park cycle – top and epilogue gallantly festive themes in his work.
the Singer familyIn the spirit of the age of Enlightenment, under the influence of Diderot and Rousseau, Fragonard began to write scenes of family life. He lovingly stares at young girls and young mothers of the family. They are in the paintings of Honore Fragonard full of enthusiasm and fun. They were still sensual charm: “dinner”, “Caring mother”, “Happy family”. With special scenic, Shine with humor and tenderness written scenes with the children: "Boy wonder”, “Tell me”. Life in the art of Fragonard and poeticizes theatralized.
PortraitsThis is one of the broad areas in which the master worked all his life. His works are filled with psychological characteristics, and are used to decorate salons. It seems that the model is not posing, just for a moment turn to the spectator on your face. This is usually familiar to the author, people: writers, actors, artists, and their daughters. The titles of paintings talk about their generalized way: “Memories”, “Inspiration”, “Music”, “Singing”, “Reading”, “Philosopher”. Pictorial composition is usually based on the contrast of dark, thickened paint and clothes and a radiant, light-coloured head. Look at some portraits.
a Pensive girl readingIn these images begin to appear dreamy-romantic and lyric sheet. Portrait “Reading girls” for some time was considered the most popular work of the master.
He wrote a scene sitting comfortably girls, completely fascinated by the reading of the novel. She concentrated, and nothing away from the interesting books. This is the most common occupation of the artist filled with poetry of everyday life and vivid decorative. The character charms with a fresh young face with delicate peach skin. Her dress is pale lemon in color with white collar and cuffs reflect solar glare. Girl sits leaning against a soft pillow, lilac color, on which the shadows fall deep Golden-purple. This portrait is written in a transitional period, when Fragonard already departed from the typical images of the Rococo.
“Love letter”This picture of the master is in the Metropolitan Museum and written about in 1770.
a Young beauty in a dress of pearl-silver color shown light airy strokes, and with a white dog behind sitting at a table by the window. She's caught off guard, turned his face from the sheets lying on the table, to someone who suddenly entered the room. In her hands a bouquet nested in a note. The joy that radiates all her fragile figure, easy smile and flushed cheeks shows that she's been waiting for this note. She is now quite happy knowing that she is loved. The rays of sunlight that sneak in through the window painted her skin Golden undertones, also playing on the Golden wall covering and brown polished table. The beauty of a portrait is that it does not seem fair, but a moment captured from life.
Search for new directions in paintingIn the 80-ies and 90-ies the artist feels like changing the style of painting. It becomes dry, tight. David sets a new direction Neoclassicism. Popular become a heroic fictional scenes, expressing the desire for freedom and hammered beliefnet image. Fragonard, not accepting fully the latest research, focuses his attention on “small Dutch”. Their influence can be traced in the work presented below.
“stolen Kiss”Consider a masterpiece of 1788, which is in the Hermitage. This is the latest work by the master arrived in Russia in 1895 from the collection of S. A. Poniatowski in exchange for a painting “Polish”. Genre scene, invented by Fragonard, as if they were seen in life.
Girl walked out of the living room, filled with visitors, to take forgotten her scarf. Op! And she's already caught a young man who can no longer tolerate, not tearing at beauty kiss. Don't bother guests that are visible through the half-open door. Most importantly, the goal is achieved. The young man gently but firmly hold the object of his passion. She shyly and cautiously, that they will be seen, is subordinate to the knight, trying not to get too close to him. Girl is trembling and ready to flee at the slightest opportunity. We will not dwell on the coloristic skill and style that was impacted by the incoming into force of classicism. It is without words to see on a reproduction.
Departure from ParisDuring the revolution the artist Fragonard leaves swirling and terrible of Paris. His patrons and clients were guillotined or exiled. The painter found refuge in Grasse from his cousin Alexander the Easel. Only in the early nineteenth century, the artist returns to the capital. Ruined and forgotten, he died in 1806.
the Value of the artist Fragonard, fun factsthe Artist has managed to seamlessly connect their images of theatricality and realism, incomparable refinement and energy, almost ethereal and dream dreams and the sensual fullness of being. He summed up all the trends that existed in the XVIII century, and became the predecessor of classicism, romanticism and realism the next century. Open again, he once again began to give people la joie de vivre.
- he was honored by the Impressionists as one of his teachers and forerunners.
- the artist Wrote extremely quickly. At the speed of his portraits can be found the inscription that the work was written within the hour.
- the Sale of his painting "Portrait of Francois Henri, Duke D’Harcourt” at auction in the world in 2013 reached a record $ 28 million.
- the Name of the master named Museum in Paris, as well as the factory and the perfume Museum in Eze and Grasse.