The canteen-Keeper's... canteen Keeper: definition, history and interesting facts
Of early medieval annals and Chronicles it is known that, together with the forces have always followed a camp follower. It is simply girls and women, who served the soldiers and knights. How exactly, we will explain below.
Life at warcanteen Keeper – it's not pretty, and the aunt of average years, which can be hard to drink, yell at anyone and fear no bullets, no bayonet, no dirty work. In the rearguard for the army were the wagons, which served as both shops, hospitals, laundries and baths. They owned a camp follower. In addition, some women were able to successfully use a gun to protect themselves in unforeseen circumstances and not become prey for the enemy. It was contingency.
Other, which is called vivandiere, going straight into battle. Weapons they had. We only had water and vodka. To them was attached a bell, which, jingling, reported wounded, help is at hand. Soldiers cherished and respected by their assistants, and if someone dared during the battle to kill the woman, then such a person was punished without a trial.
Other functionin addition, the canteen-Keeper – “girl for fun”. Soldiers don't just fight, he needs a discharge, and for this purpose he approached the females, starting from twelve and ending with the old woman.
each soldier was his own woman, who gave him not only the sexual joys, but also serve him as a squire, carrying unnecessary at the moment, the weapons and accessories for the kitchen. She was looking for food and drink, helped to carry away prey, and even to divide it. If the soldier was wounded, faithfully cared for him. The most desperate and lost were in the distant Crusades, where it was easy to get into slavery to the Muslims, but they were driven by greed, stronger than fear.
Attempt to banish "the merry maidens"Women "easy virtue" in troops and armies accumulate more and more. Command decided this situation to fight, because they spent too much food, and they carried venereal disease. In the British army in the late sixteenth century was allowed to take the girls money to drive them and even break the left arm. It is unknown how far the fight against them, but without “public women", no army existed, and adapted to their needs. Soldiers caught in adultery or illicit Union, imprisoned and stripped of their monthly earnings.
Duke of Burgundy women accumulated in the amount of three thousand people, were forced to dig bypass channel under the Naas, which he was besieging. They every day to the sound of drums and flutes went to work, and above them fluttered a banner with a picture of this woman. Oversaw their actions executioner. Thus, women were not banished at all from the army, and only forbade personal relationships with soldiery. In France they were under the scrutiny of the Provost, who, as soldiers, they staged parades and prohibited to keep horses to forage enough the horses of the soldiers.
German armythe Germans of these women formed groups, chiefs whom they obeyed.
was created For them a Charter, by which they were obliged to be loyal to their masters, to carry their baggage, as pack animals during stops to cook, to serve, to wash, to wash to clean and modestly, not to behave provocatively. Availability receded into the background.
the Brutality that is left in documentsIn the army the French military commander Philippe Strozzi in 1570 accumulated so many women that movement became impossible. Without thinking, he cut "Gordian knot" in the most horrific way. First, they picked the most beautiful women, and the rest, they were eight, just drowned in the river near their heart-rending cries and howls. This crime will not go unpunished. Twelve years later the same Strozzi suffered a crushing naval defeat in the Azores. Survived by eight hundred men: what a coincidence. The Spaniards executed every single one, and the Lord Philip, they drowned in the depths of the sea. So he caught a Providence.
That attracted the gambling to displayno matter How hard life was women in the war, they still aspired to join the army. Canteen Keeper – practical and dreamy creature at the same time. They all wanted to get married or to get rich. Some of them succeeded. After serving five years and seven run errands, they skillfully participated in the distribution of production and scaleval decent condition. It is possible to buy a farm or a restaurant or even a man from an impoverished noble family, after becoming the universal "litter" lady.
this brings to mind Martha Skavronska, which sly managed to make a career. Where before it German chick Ruth Thalheim! This powerful Bavaro with the habits of the Grenadier, when the squad began to flee under pressure from the Swiss, fought the Germans back and won. Ruth was injured, but survived. Their boss, Colonel Alghoul, demanded that everyone threw at her feet a handful of gold. And the Emperor elevated her to the noble rank.
RomanticizingOnly over time all the dirt had been forgotten, romantic and wrote a song about a young canteen-Keeper. Finally, the last war, does not describe her character, but she appears to us is beautiful. The girl was killed, and the battle continues. Who will survive and why – unknown. Hands hold the shutter in the head – the longing, and the soul is already kind of took off. Why, asks the poet, we write in the sand with blood? Nature is not necessary. Man-a creature that requires war, and later again: and words and bullets, and love. He was right. Everywhere the blood flows. For a minute there is no peace on earth.
to see the lovely warrior, shrouded in the veil of romance, you should watch ballet “Markitanka”. It was written by Cesare Pugni, and choreographer and performer was Arthur Saint-léon in 1844.
a Short ballet libretto “canteen Keeper”the Ballet consists of a single act. The scene – Hungarian village. Kathy, canteen Keeper shelf, loves Hans, the son of an innkeeper.
But her wish to marry the mayor, and the local Baron, who consider themselves suitors Katie. The adventures of lovely girls and brave young men make up the plot of the work.
Marius Petipa staged at the Mariinsky theatre St. Petersburg ballet “canteen Keeper” in 1881. He had good talent, and each piece of good triumphed over evil. And the beauty of its dances long since become imperishable classics.