Malevich's works over the years: the description, photo
Works by Kazimir Malevich - one of the most famous works of Russian art of XX century. About the most notable of these will be discussed in this article.
Theorist and practitioner of contemporary artMalevich's Works clearly show the state of Affairs in society in the early twentieth century. The artist was born in Kiev in 1879.
In his own stories in his autobiography, public exhibitions started in Kursk in 1898, although no documentary evidence of this was found.
In 1905, he tried to enter the Moscow school of painting, sculpture and architecture. However, it was not accepted. At the time Malevich in Kursk remained family - wife of Casimir Sglac and children. In their personal lives has been a split, so not even enrolling, Malevich did not want to return to Kursk. The artist settled in Lefortovo at the art commune. In a huge house painter Kurdyumov, lived about 300 masters of painting. Malevich lived in the commune for six months, but, despite the extremely low rents, in six months the money ran out, he still had to return to Kursk.
Finally moved to Moscow, Malevich was only in 1907. Attended classes artist Fedor Rerberg. In 1910 he began to participate in exhibitions of creative Association of early avant-garde "Jack of diamonds". Began to appear pictures which brought him worldwide fame and recognition.
In 1916, Malevich's works already quite well known in the capital. At that time there is "Suprematist composition". She painted in oil on canvas. In 2008 was sold at Sotheby's auction for $ 60 million.
On auction it is exposed the heirs of the artist. In 1927 she exhibited at the exhibition in Berlin.
gallery opening it was represented by Malevich himself, but soon he had to return, as the Soviet authorities did not renew his foreign visa. All the work he had to leave. There were about 70. Responsible was assigned to the German architect Hugo Haring. Malevich hoped to return for the paintings in the very near future, but abroad it was never released.
Before his death, Haring has transferred all the work of Malevich, who kept it many years, Stedelijk Museum (also known as the Museum of Stedelijk). Herring entered into an agreement, according to which every year for 12 years, the Museum had to pay him a certain sum. Ultimately, immediately after the death of the architect, his relatives, arrange the inheritance, to have the whole amount at a time. Thus, the "Suprematist composition" got to the funds of the Amsterdam city Museum.
Heirs of Malevich made attempts to recover these paintings, since the 70-ies of XX century. But they did not succeed.
in 2002, 14 works from the Amsterdam Museum was presented at the exhibition "Kazimir Malevich. Suprematism". It was held in the Guggenheim in the United States. Malevich's heirs, some of whom are American citizens, filed a lawsuit against the Dutch Museum. The management of the gallery has gone on a plea agreement. According to the results, 5 of the 36 paintings were returned to his descendants. In return, the heirs have no further claims.
This painting remains the most expensive painting by Russian artist ever sold at auction.
"Black square" by Malevich one of his most discussed works. It is part of a series of works of the artist devoted to Suprematism. In it he examined the basic features of composition and light. In addition to the square, in this triptych are painting "Black cross" and "Black circle".
Picture of Malevich wrote in 1915. The work was done for the final exhibition of the futurists. Malevich's works at the exhibition "0,10" of 1915 was posted, what is called the "red corner". In the place where the Russian huts traditionally hung icon, was a "Black square". The most mysterious and most terrifying picture in the history of Russian art.
Three key Suprematist shapes - square, cross and circle, in art theory was considered a standard, which stimulate further complication of all the Suprematist system. From them in the future, are born new Suprematist forms.
Many researchers of the artist repeatedly trying to find the original version of the picture, which would be placed under the top layer of paint. So, in 2015, was held fluoroscopy. The result has been to isolate the two colored images that are located on the same canvas. Was initially drawn Cubo futurist composition, and over it again and protocooperation. Only then all filled black square.
Also, scientists were able to decipher the inscription that the artist left on canvas. These are the words "Battle of Negroes in a dark cave", which send the art connoisseurs to the famous black and white artwork by Alphonse Allais, which he established in 1882.
Not by accident that the title of the exhibition, which exhibited work of Malevich. Photos from the Vernissage you can still find in old archives and magazines of the time. The presence of the numeral 10 designated in advance by the organizers the number of participants. But zero said that will be exhibited "Black square", which, according to the author, are going to all reduce to zero.
Three-squarein Addition to the "Black square" in the work of Malevich was a few of these geometric shapes. Yes, and the "Black square" was initially a simple triangle. He had no strict right angles. Therefore, from the point of view solely of the geometry was a rectangle, not a square. Art historians note that it's not negligence of the author and principled position. Malevich sought to create an ideal form that would be quite dynamic and mobile.
there are Also two other works of Malevich's squares. This "Red square" and "White square". The painting "Red square" was exhibited at the exhibition of the avant-garde "0,10". White square appeared in 1918. At the time of Malevich's works, photos of which today is in any textbook of art, going through a stage of "white" period of Suprematism.
From 1920 to 1922 Malevich worked on the painting "Mystic Suprematism". Also it is known under the name of "Black cross on red oval". The canvas is painted in oil on canvas. It was also sold at Sotheby's auction for nearly 37 thousand dollars.
By and large, this painting follows the fate of the "Suprematist construction", which has already been told. She also appeared in the collections of the Amsterdam Museum, and only after the appeal of the heirs of Malevich to the court, they managed to regain at least part of the paintings.
"Suprematism. 18 construction"
work of Malevich, photos with names which can be found in any textbook on art history that fascinates and attracts attention.
Another interesting painting is the painting "Suprematism. 18 design," written in 1915. At the Sotheby's auction it was sold in 2015, nearly $ 34 million. She also appeared in the hands of the heirs of the artist after the trial with the Amsterdam municipal Museum.
Another picture which broke up the Dutch, was "Suprematism: painterly realism of a football player. The colourful masses in the fourth dimension". She found its owner in 2011. It was acquired by the art Institute of Chicago for the amount not wished to disclose to the public. But the work of 1913 - "the Desk and the room" can be seen at a major exhibition of Malevich in Madrid-gallery "Tate". Moreover, the painting was exhibited anonymously. That meant the organizers - is unclear. Indeed, in cases where the true owner of the cloth wants to remain anonymous declare that the painting is in a private collection. Here is used a fundamentally different language.
"Suprematist composition"the work of Malevich, the description of which you will find in this article will give you a fairly complete and clear view of his work. For example, the painting "Suprematist composition" was created in 1919-1920. In 2000, at the auction "Phillips" it was sold for $ 17 million.
This picture, unlike the previous one, after the departure of Malevich from Berlin to the Soviet Union, remained in Germany. In 1935 she was taken to the US Director of the new York Museum of modern art, Alfred Barr. 20 years she has exhibited in the USA in the framework of the exhibition "Cubism and abstract art". the fact that the picture had to take it abroad, in Germany the time came to power the Nazis, the work of Malevich fell out of favor. His Nazi superiors attributed to the samples "degenerate art"., First Director of the Hannover Museum hid the painting in his basement, and then secretly transferred to the Barr, which brought a priceless work in the United States.
In 1999, the new York Museum returned to the heirs of Malevich this picture and a few of his graphic works.
In 1910, Malevich wrote his self-portrait. This is one of three portraits written in this period. It is well known that other two are kept in national museums. These works of Malevich in the Tretyakov gallery you can see.
Third portrait was sold at auction. It was originally in the private collection of George Costakis. In 2004 at auction "Christie" in London a self-portrait has found its owner in just 162 thousand pounds. All, because for the next 35 years the cost has increased about 35 times. In 2015 the painting was sold at Sotheby's auction for almost $ 9 million. Indeed, a profitable investment.
"head of a peasant"
If you analyze the works of Malevich in the years it is possible to set a certain trend, which traced the development of his work.
a Vivid example of this - the painting "peasant's Head", written in 1911. In 2014, at auction "Sotheby's" in London, she went under the hammer for $ 3.5 million.
for the First time the public saw this painting by Malevich in 1912 at the "Donkey's tail", which was organized by Natalia Goncharova and Mikhail Larionov. After that, she participated in the Berlin exhibition of 1927. Then Malevich himself, gave it to Hugh Heringu. From him it passed to his wife and daughter. Herring's heirs sold the painting only in 1975, after his death.
Russian Museumthe work of Malevich in the Russian Museum are presented very widely. Here, perhaps, is the richest collection of his works. The work of this reformer and teacher is treated with reverence, his canvases assign the place of honor.
in Total, the collections of the Russian Museum today there are about 100 paintings, plus not less than 40 graphic. Many of them with a new Dating. To be more precise. The uniqueness of the collection presented at the Russian Museum, lies in the fact that works not just a lot, they still cover a wide range of his work. Presented as early works, almost the first experiments in painting and late realistic portraits, which does not recognize the hand of the artist who painted the "Black square".
Kazimir Malevich died in Leningrad in 1935. According to his will, the body was placed in a Suprematist coffin, which is a cross with outstretched hands, and was cremated.