"Barberini Faun" – a sample of homoerotic artHipoteca Munich in 1804 began to collect sculptures, reliefs, mosaics, which date from the archaic period until late Roman times. Her collection includes classic exhibits of Hellenistic, Roman sculptures, antique works of art, in their highest bloom. Among the latter, a prominent place is occupied by the "Barberini Faun" or "Drunken Satyr" as it is called.
Where you created the sculptureIn 283-133 BC Asia Minor off the coast of the Aegean sea, there was a powerful capital, which was called Pergamum. In it flourished the art of architects and sculptors. The Romans conquered the city and its Kingdom, making it their province. All that seemed to them the most valuable they have taken in Rome. Among other things, was the sleeping figure of a drunken Faun, as the Romans called the satyrs, created around 220 BC, Where they placed it, is unknown, but it is known where and when she was found.
LocationUnder the onslaught of the barbarians to the four hundredth year of Rome weakened. To strengthen the city, were used. Including sculpture. "Barberini Faun", the perfect creations of unknown craftsmen of Pergamum, has not escaped this fate. In the 1620s, he was found near the site of what is now the Castel Sant'angelo. The German art historian Winckelmann speculated that the statue belonged to the the Emperor Adrian, fan of non-traditional sexual orientation, which in those days was very close to normal. "Barberini Faun" extremely openly demonstrates his genitals, because he was found near the mausoleum of the Emperor.
Where did the SatyrPious family gave Barberini Faun in the collection of Pope urban VIII, who came from a family of Barberini and Francesco Barberini, who had uncle. The secular authorities in Europe refused to reckon with the Pope. His moral authority was below any criticism. Such blatant sculpture as the "Barberini Faun," and there was a place in the personal collection of Pope. The whole family and the Pope actively patronized the arts. For example, they supported the prominent sculptor and architect Bernini D., Creator of the new Baroque style. Since the Satyr had numerous injuries and his expressive obscene posture brought him to the Baroque aesthetic, it was considered that part of it was restored by Bernini himself. In later centuries, on its recovery were a lot of sculptors.
Acquiring the statues and copiesBefore the second invasion of Napoleon in Italy in 1799, his younger brother was asked to purchase a satire. Broke judicial scandal against removal of the statue. Especially hotly protested Canova. Despite the ban, the "Barberini Faun" was sold to Germany. There is already built gliptoteka in which he found a place of honor.
a statue made numerous copies. Marble statue of the Hellenistic era became very popular. In the Louvre there is a copy of high quality, made by sculptor E. my mother ill. Found her place in Russia. The Peterhof Great cascade gives zest to the gilded statue of the Faun in the grotto.
Satyr came from Greek mythology. This forest deity, apparently, very ancient. Then the Greeks were animated all things: rocks, trees, animals, that is, they have flourished shamanism. Fawn was associated with fertility in the broadest sense, because a huge phallus – his important identity. Bearded, hairy, goat-legged, drunken and lustful, they were chasing nymphs and maenads. Morality did not exist for them. Their attributes were tierce, pipe, and leather bottles of wine. Statue of a sleeping Satyr does not like the Faun.
Roman deitySupportive and kind fawn – italic deity, which adopted traits of the Greek God pan. Fawn – mountain, forest and field, the spirit responsible for the fertility of fields and humans. This forest God loves to settle in the caves near streams, keys – the sources of all waters. Great picture of the Faun, the Romans borrowed from the Greeks, where all the deities were anthropomorphic.
Sculpture Barberinithe Faun depicted in the form of a man, that is a deviation from the norm. He obviously had too much wine at the feast. But fawn – still not a man: because of his left hip looks a tail.
Statue is very important not only as a work of art, but also because it dates from two centuries earlier Christmas. Maybe that's the original Greek, and maybe – a later Roman copy. These moments are always hard to determine. The statue was badly damaged. Had to restore the right leg and foot, the lower part of the left thigh. The sculpture is very erotic, maybe that's why many sought to buy the Faun. His feet apart, he is in a drunken half-sleep. It seems that he tired to the limit. At the same time the body flexed a few of the Faun.
Face of the Faun is very sensual, head with horns was rejected. The sculptor ultimately had studied human anatomy and spent muscles, shoulders, belly. The sculptor turned slightly the entire body, complicating its work. Utmost naturalism, emotional state, study of human body – here are the tasks that stood in front of the sculptor. He put the figure of the Faun on the leopard's skin, put it on the heel of the Faun and turned it under his head for a better vacation. This marble statue has all the hallmarks of the works of the Hellenistic era.