Tretyakov gallery: rooms and their descriptionsTretyakov gallery-one of the most famous museums in Russia and around the world. Extensive exhibition covers the period from the eleventh century to the present day. It's hard to imagine the Tretyakov gallery, the halls of which were a reflection of Russian art from ancient times to the present, began with the private collection.
Home collectionthe House in Lavrushinsky lane, Tretyakov acquired in 1851. The head of the family, Pavel, was a successful businessman, but he was a well-known philanthropist, has invested in a charitable program. He was an avid collector, collecting paintings, sculptures, icons and other works of art.
he had a global goal – to create a national gallery and not just a Museum. Were the first collection of ten paintings of the Dutch masters. Initially, the Tretyakov gallery, the halls of which were open only for family members and guests were in the house where they lived Tretyakov. But the collection is growing very rapidly, and space for demonstrations was not enough. During the life of the owner made numerous restructuring. And when Pavel Mikhailovich citizens have the opportunity to visit such a cultural institution like the Tretyakov gallery. Halls expanded, and the exposition has grown steadily. The popularity of the Museum is the fact that for the first four years of its visitors more than 30 thousand people.
40 years after the beginning of the collection, Pavel Tretyakov gave it as a gift to Moscow. The collection was supplemented with works of art stored at the second brother, Sergei. So there is “the Gallery of Pavel and Sergei Tretyakov”. Another well-known patron Morozov gave the masterpieces of Renoir, van Gogh, Monet. Despite the transfer to the city, both patron continued to replenish the collection. After the death of Tretyakov whole house in Lavrushinsky lane was transferred to the jurisdiction of the city.
New life collectionIn 1913, a Trustee and Director had been appointed Igor Grabar. He was not only a talented artist, architect and art historian, but also as an arranger. He held a great work on systematization of the collection. He distributed cloths to historical periods that the visitors had the opportunity to trace the development of Russian art. When it was founded and restoration workshop. At the end of years of work hanging in the hall of the Tretyakov gallery, was available for inspection by the General public.
After the revolution, all the collection was nationalized and transferred to the young Republic. Was created “the State Tretyakov gallery”, the halls of which were accessible to all segments of the population. The collection has expanded considerably through combining with other museums and the transfer of private collections, which were nationalized in the years of Soviet power.
During the war the Museum collections were evacuated to Novosibirsk. The Nazis bombed the capital mercilessly. Two explosive bombs in 1941, landed right in the Tretyakov gallery, causing significant damage. But the next year began the restoration of the Museum, and by 1944, the doors favorite people in the capital gallery again opened to the public.
Halls of the Tretyakov gallerySince the founding of the gallery building was rebuilt many times. New transitions and additional facilities, to collection was presented in all its glory. Today the exhibition is located in 106 rooms. Most is in the building in Lavrushinsky lane, where they 62. The complex also includes a Museum and Church. Nicholas, the workshop-Museum Golubkina house-Museum of Vasnetsov house Museum of Korin. Each room at the Tretyakov gallery-it is an opportunity to touch the art, to see brilliant masterpieces. The collection contains more than 150 thousand exhibits, most of which are familiar to everyone since childhood. Reproductions of many paintings included in school textbooks throughout the country. On these pictures you can understand Russia. Sea because we have, as the paintings of Aivazovsky woods – like Shishkin, nature, like Levitan. Even the best portrait of Pushkin, known to every student, put it here.
Hall of iconographyIn every corner of the Tretyakov gallery have paintings, breathtaking. But perhaps one of the most mysterious halls – hall of iconography. When transferring the collection of Pavel Mikhailovich, together with the paintings conveyed and the 62 icons from its collection. Now in the Museum some hundreds of them. Each of them reflects the way of Orthodoxy in the Russian land. Among them are the works of Rublev, Theophanes the Greek and other famous painters. And in the house Church of the Tretyakov gallery exhibited one of the most revered and ancient images - Vladimir the mother of God. She has more than 900 years.
Exposure in Lavrushinsky laneIn the building at Lavrushinsky lane, with the famous Vasnetsovskie facade, the bulk of the collection. 62 rooms, divided into 7 areas, in chronological order are exhibited the works of the best masters of Russia and not only. How large and diverse the Tretyakov gallery. Description of the rooms, it would take several volumes of the printed edition. Going on a trip, it is better to choose a particular artist or painting, which is to dedicate regular time. Otherwise, familiarity with the galleries to be very superficial and incomplete. The names of the halls of the Tretyakov gallery corresponds with their collections.
So, the old Russian art is represented by icons.
And in the halls of XVIII-XIX centuries are exhibited paintings of great masters Levitsky, Rokotov, Ivanov, Briullov. To demonstrate the picture of Ivanov “the appearance of Christ to the people” was built a special room. And roars was famous for the large number of portraits of the unknown. It was important for him to capture and convey on canvas the features and character of a person, but he does not necessarily have to be famous. From the works of Briullov can note the masterful work done “Woman”, where a young girl with amazing grace sits astride a magnificent stallion.
Also captures the attention of the hall, where the works of artists of the second half of the XIX century. Here you can dive into the magical world of realistic art, where every detail is executed with remarkable care. In the paintings of Repin physically feels like being warmed by the sun on the lawn, as each leaf sways in the wind. And “fairy tales: Three heroes” Vasnetsov like today defend the borders of the country from uninvited invaders. By the way, here you can see works by Vasnetsov, Jr.
Pictures Surikov "Boyarynya Morozova” or “the Morning of the Streltsy execution” convey the emotional intensity of each participant in those events. There's no one indifferent person or a random character. Everything is written with certainty and amaze.
In the section, reflecting the painting of XIX-XX centuries, the works of such geniuses as Serov, Vrubel, as well as representatives of the Union of Russian artists.
treasures of Russian arta Large and diverse state Tretyakov gallery. Halls, paintings, sculptures, graphics will not leave anyone indifferent. A separate part of the exhibition is “Treasure”, de displays objects of precious metals and gems. Fine jewelers is fascinating.
Graphicsa Separate room is devoted to graphic art. All work submitted in this technique, very afraid of light, this fragile creation. Therefore, their demonstration of the installed lighting, slightly muffled. It exhibits the largest collection of Russian graphic art. And small, but no less valuable collection portenoy miniatures.
Modern artbuilding on the Crimean shaft belonging to the Tretyakov gallery, presented by art since the Soviet period to the present day. Visitors with interest to see how ideology affects the artist.
Halls of the masterscollection is a single work, and there are whole collections of pictures of one master. The room devoted to the artist in the Tretyakov gallery, contains only his works from different periods. Such is the exposition of Shishkin. But other artists have received this honor.
Since its opening, the Tretyakov gallery became the richest collection of paintings and art objects. Even Russian Museum, created at the state level, losing in the popularity of this particular meeting.