Creativity and the biography of Edvard Munch. Norwegian artist Edvard Munch

Today we talk about the Norwegian painter and graphic artist, art theorist and theatre artist Edward Munke. He is considered a representative of expressionism, and one of the first. His work has a great influence on his contemporaries to this day. His paintings abound with themes of loneliness and death and a lust for life. This person was created unique and exciting paintings that literally dragged the viewer into a different, strange and scary world. E. Munch – it is a true talent and master of his craft. He painted only when feelings and emotions overwhelmed him: after all, true artists create masterpieces in such state.

Childhood

Artist Edvard Munch, whose birth date falls in 1863, was born in a large family. His father, Christian, was a military doctor. At Munch was the older sister, Sofia Johan, and brother Andreas and two younger sisters, Laura and Inger. The family lived quite modestly, one might even say poor. But Munki was educated and cultured people, so they endure their temporary position. Their cultural roots were quite deep: a distant relative was a famous artist-neoklassitsistom, a pupil of Jacques-Louis David. Father Christian Munch was a preacher whom many knew and loved, and his brother, Peter Andreas Munch – an historian.

throughout the childhood of Edward, his family moved frequently from place to place. This happened because of the debt service of the father, and also due to the fact that lack of funds is regularly forced the family to seek cheaper housing. Most often, the family was in Christiania, Norway (now Oslo). Biography of Edvard Munch's childhood has a dark spot: at 5 years old he lost his mother, who died of tuberculosis. And exactly 10 years later from the same disease died older sister Sophie. In his memoirs, E. Munch talked about the fact that his father was always good, but the big drawback was his religiosity, which crossed all boundaries of sanity. Little Edward was often tormented by terrifying visions of hell, because of this, he grew quite anxious child. Much later, the family remembered that drawing talent manifested itself in the boy at a very early age.

As mentioned earlier, died of tuberculosis, Edward's sister, Sophie. It took him another blow, as they were very close. Many researchers of the life and work of the painter talking about the fact that it was a turning point of frustration in religion. He Norwegian artist Edvard Munch recalled that that day the father nervously paced the room, hands folded in prayer, but could do nothing to help the poor girl. In the future, these memories formed the basis of the painting "Sick girl”.

Formation

Biography of Edvard Munch continues the formative years. He enrolled in a technical College, studying science. The guy is often sick, but tries not to miss classes. Soon, the young man takes an independent decision to leave College to become an artist. In 1881 he entered the Royal school of drawing in Christiania. His mentor becomes the artist-naturalist Christian Krogh. He quickly introduced the young man to the capital's Bohemians. Thanks to Christian Krogu, Edward meets a writer-anarchist Hans Eerom. They quickly found a common language, and Munch often felt the influence of this man. In 1883 happened the public debut of Edward – he presented a picture of ‘head Study". At the end of the following year he received a scholarship, which went to France. In 1886, Munch presented his painting "Sick girl" of the critics perceived it very negatively. Rejection confused by Munch, and his next picture was conservative.


Paris

Paintings by Munch still participated in exhibitions. And the artist himself after a short break, went to France. Here he attended lessons léon Bonnat, went to shows. He experimented with artistic styles, especially often tried impressionism and pointillism. Soon Edward finds out about his father's death, and the news deals a strong blow. He has no time for the funeral and falls into a long depression. Edvard Munch, whose art was going through a period of stagnation, came out of the depression and creates one of the most famous paintings is called "Night in Saint-cloud”.

“the Frieze of life”

In 1890 biography of Edvard Munch a little lighter in Christiania, an exhibition of his paintings, where he gets more friendly responses. Soon, he was going to relax in a nice and see here, van Gogh paintings and Gauguin, which later will admire. At this time, finally formed the style of Munch – clean lines, symbolic stories and simple forms. Returning to Norway, he paints the ‘Melancholy’ and ‘the Frieze of life”. From the last picture will soon grow famous “Scream”. After some time he met A. Norman, who are in awe of the creativity of Edward. A rich patron happy Munch solo exhibition in Berlin. Paintings get a lot of positive feedback, he first feels a real confession. At this time Munch is tied affair with a wealthy Norwegian, which didn't result in anything but psychological trauma.

Disease

a nervous Roman Munch starts to feel wrong, but do not give it much importance. Soon, he fastened another relationship with a cellist. But this novel ends with a difficult separation because of the strange behavior of Munch. He begins increasingly to show aggressiveness and suspicion. Many people notice that Edward becomes violent and he begs for a fight. In 1908 he was placed in a psychiatric clinic in Copenhagen with a diagnosis of mental disorder. He spends six months on investing in creativity.


Later years

Edvard Munch, interesting facts which are not so numerous, may still something to tell. So, he was often tormented by the hallucinations that he described in his diary. It is also believed that he was afraid of red-haired women. In recent years his paintings have become more rough features, but more peaceful scenes. In 1916 he buys the Villa, where he is engaged in gardening. Two years later, he gets sick "Spanish", but quickly recovers. In 1930 he had problems with his vision, which he almost ceased to write. When Norway was occupied, Munch called “true Nordic” artist. Soon the Nazis to Edward changed and he was branded. Last years he lived with the fear that his pictures confiscated from his home. He died in 1944, a month after 80 years.

“Scream”

Edvard Munch – impressionist who has gained huge popularity because of its picture of the “Scream”. There are 4 versions that were written in the period 1893-1910 years. The author originally called its “Despair”. The man, terrified in the picture, quickly became one of the most recognizable characters in art. One painting is in the hands of an independent collector. Sale of paintings at auction have made “Cry” the most expensive piece of art.

the theft of paintings

Biography of Edvard Munch continues today, because in his paintings is himself. His works of art often become the subject of a carve-up intruders. In 1994 he was kidnapped by his famous painting "the Scream” from the National gallery. Criminals are poorly thought out theft, so a few months later the painting was returned. Also committed the theft of the painting by Munch “Vampire”. However law enforcement agencies managed to conduct a successful investigation, making “Vampire” were found. In 2004, a group of thieves took from the Munch Museum variation patterns “Madonna’ and ‘Scream’. In 2006, they were returned to the Museum, and the criminals received their punishment. Both paintings were damaged. After the return of the paintings to the Museum, they discovered scratches, traces of moisture, fading and tattered edges. The restorers did everything they could, but some stains remained visible.