The technique of sfumato in painting: characteristics, examplesSfumato in painting – this is a unique technique invented by the genius Leonardo da Vinci. Still she delights the audience and the admiration of professional artists. Describe what features of this manner of writing, who used it and where today you can see the masterpieces of the sfumato.
Valuethe Italian word "sfumato" literally means “vanishing like smoke”. During the Renaissance, this term began to use artists, meaning the shaded image. Later the term became used for the name of the special technique of halftone.
Technical featuresit is believed that Leonardo da Vinci, who is considered the founder of sfumato, summed up and perfected, existed at the time of the Italian Renaissance modes of transmission of halftones. The technique is to apply a very thin, translucent layers that do not overlap each other, and only dim or light up the fragments of the canvas. A thin glaze of minimal color differences allow you to create a feeling of haze, fog. Sfumato in painting, Leonardo da Vinci was brought to perfection. Modern research shows that it could cause the layers with thickness of 3-4 microns. The techniques of sfumato used to distinguish compositional centre. Blurred outlines allow us to more clearly and effectively emphasize the most important object on the canvas. Halftones are moving in dense shade without creating visible to the eye of the boundaries of the transitions.
Classic sfumato is created using a special translucent paints, glazes. For working artists use light brush of sable that allow you to do almost invisible brushstrokes. Later appeared technique called "dry brush”, when the main visual canvas of the artist was held feather-light strokes with a small amount of dry ink mixture. And after complete drying of the image he had cleaned up the surplus, to leave literally microscopic layer.
Distinctive features of sfumatoto See the charm of sfumato in painting on the canvases of Leonardo da Vinci. Background in his paintings is devoid of definition, defined lines and strokes. Haze and blur of the background allows to concentrate the viewer's attention on the main subject of the picture. A soft background gives the story atmosphere and depth.
There is a misconception that sfumato-this exceptionally picturesque technique. This is not so. The same Leonardo used the technique perfectly in pencil drawing. Achieving the shading and subtle shading transitions. Also, this technique effectively works in pastels. By varying the degree of pressure on the pastel brush, the artist achieves different degrees of color intensity, and the use of wet chalk allows you to obtain different levels of depth of the image. Also in pastels to create the effect of sfumato used feathering and coloring. This allows you to erase the boundary between color and tonal transitions and to obtain the desired effect of fog and haze.