The colonnade is an element of architecturethe Word "column" is of French origin and literally means "pillar". Is a vertical support rod architectural elements having a round cross-section. In turn, the colonnade is a row of columns or several rows. Read more about this building, read the article.
there is No historical documents indicating exactly where and when I first began to build the colonnade. Even in the Ancient world columns were used to strengthen dwellings. But it is known that the architecture of Ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome used the element of colonnade. This is confirmed by archaeological excavations.
ancient Egyptian temple of the Sphinx at Giza has a single doorway that leads into the inner courtyard, surrounded on all sides by a colonnade.
Ancient Greeks in the architectural forms expressed their desire for beauty. In their temples was often used columns, a solid wall surrounding the building around the perimeter.
Roman genius showed itself in the organization of space. For them, the colonnade is a peculiar way of zoning in the buildings of the courtyards in the commercial, judicial and governmental buildings of the forums.
Beautiful colonnade in the global architecture
Where in the global architecture of the colonnade? It is primarily the Roman St. Peter built in the 17th century by project of the famous architect Bernini. On two sides it is surrounded by colonnades, which consist of 284 Doric columns 20 meters high and half meter wide. The top of the colonnade is crowned by 140 statues.
equally famous Kazan Cathedral in St. Petersburg and its colonnade. It is a magnificent architectural structure built by the architect A. N. Voronikhin.
noteworthy "Colonnade of Apollo" in the Pavlovsk Palace. the Object of cultural heritage is the Vorontsov colonnade in Odessa, built in the style of Tuscan order.
Very often, this element is used in landscape architecture.
Natural spring in the nature
Nature creates a strikingly beautiful reliefs. Amaze is amazingly picturesque natural basaltic colonnades, scattered throughout the land. Their symmetry and precision of execution can compete with the human genius:
- Garni Gorge in Armenia;
- Japanese Takachiho-kyo Gorge;
- "Tower of devil" in the U.S. state of Wyoming;
- "stomp the devil" in California;
- cave, Akun, Alaska;
- "Sugar mountain" in the Caribbean;
- Mount Cargill, new Zealand;
- mountain "Jackson Creek" in the Australian state of Victoria.