The washing of watercolor: techniques and technology

Aquarelle is just one of the most difficult techniques in painting. It requires the artist's utmost care in detail, so as to change or alter anything in the picture is almost impossible. Washing with watercolors is quite simple in its execution. This technique was almost the only method in watercolors before the emergence of impressionism.

useful Than a watercolor wash?

It is used to give the drawing volume and a demonstration of how to draw the object would look in reality. Shaded relief – though quite easy, but long process. Architectural institutions teach her first course as it is one of the main tools of the architect. Ordinary drawing is not able to give an accurate representation of the unaware viewer about the form of the object. Washing with watercolors helps to understand the concept, to see the shape of the object and see the color scheme to any person. For the architect, this technique is also very useful. He gets the opportunity to work with color, to find the most suitable combination of materials to implement the plan, to clarify the ratio of protons to achieve a pronounced silhouette and volume of the draw object.

getting started

How to make a watercolor wash? This process is simple but time consuming. The first step in working with shaded relief – is the separation of the light areas of the figure from the shadow. All the places to which the shadow falls must be covered with paint so that when dry they were a little lighter than most light reflexes in dark areas. Further, all of the surface fragment must be covered in the easiest tone possible, practically water. But all edges and planes, which are exposed to the light at the right angle, it should remain intact.

after analyzing the sketch, it is necessary to divide the drawing into basic plans, depending on how they are removed to the depth. The first plan is always lit much stronger, so it have to be lighter than all the others. The word “plan” in the specific case implies all vertical surfaces that are parallel relative to the front planes of projections.

Next step

the Entire surface of the figure except his first plan, shall be covered with a light solution of watercolor. After it dries the first plan will look a little lighter than the others, more profound. To work such as washing with watercolors, it is a bit easier to execute, should be covered from all light and shadow areas of a drawing. Thus it is necessary to try to keep light fin under a light source, especially if they are in the foreground.

When the degree of illumination light distributed plans, you can go to work on the shadow areas. Places that are closest to the viewer and are in the shadow should appear more saturated than those that are in the background. The latter are drawn more weakening, and the gradations become smaller.

Final process

the Final stage in the question of how to do a wash in watercolor requires the artist's special care. All spaces in the drawing that are closed and deep, should be less covered by the reflected rays in their shadow parts. Such a rule should be adhered to when it comes to openings that display the interior. Shaded surfaces are covered consistently, under existing plans as well as in the washing-lit areas, only in reverse order.

last processed shade, which is closest to the viewer. On all those edges of the displayed parts that are in the shadows, it is necessary to leave thin stripes, a slightly lighter shadow itself. This procedure allows you to transfer distinct relief forms. It is also important to remember that in the foreground of the glowing edges shape should look lighter than those at the rear, deeper sections of the drawing.

Different ways of washing

There is no one cleaning technique of watercolor. The first and easiest – black and white. First, the details drawn in ink and then the artist picks up the paint. The most important in black and white hillshade to choose the right angle, that is the place from where the subject will look more expressive. The main parts of the silhouette must be clearly visible. Though this type of cleaning and is rarely used, it provides the novice architect the most important thing – the feeling tone. The drawing is in a clear tone and a delicate, understated color scheme. Most often this technique is used to display a variety of architectural projects.

a shaded relief watercolor increases the range of lighting plots. It enables the artist to realize any desired lighting in the picture. It can be Sunny and bright day, rainy and cloudy landscape, colorful sunset or sunrise. Main – to determine what to display in the work to choose the correct lighting source. If the light is bright, the color diversity should decrease, and the shadow becomes a contrast that allows a good display volume. Conversely, if the lighting is diffused, the contrast is reduced, and the color load increases.

Important details

Before you start, you should choose a theme. Architectural washing with watercolors is preferably used to display a more characteristic and volume buildings. You must correctly and beautifully to plan a future drawing. After all, the result of the work should be almost identical to a photographic image of the object. High quality drawing – a fifty percent success. It needs to be performed by the ink, which is diluted to a light grey shade. The drawing is done by slight movements of the hands, that later he was illuminated through watercolor. In some cases, you can apply a colored outline. Then blue color will be the main lit areas and shaded places will require a red or brown tone. Another important factor is the quality of the paper, as the drawings require from the artist the utmost precision and accuracy.


Hillshade in the architectural drawings

Wash watercolor in architecture requires great skill of the artist. You must have a large store of knowledge, to be able to use the properties of colors, to distinguish between light and colour of nature, to see many of the qualities of a variety of textures and stuff. After finishing work in the art of watercolor washing you can see the relief and three-dimensional object that is closest to his real mind. This result is achieved by the artist through the study of all the light and shadow areas of the depicted object.