What is asymmetry and symmetry in art?

And in art, in nature there are such concepts as symmetry and asymmetry. We see them everyday in the world around us. And inherent in every subject one of or both of these concepts.

What is the asymmetry in art

This is the exact opposite of symmetry. In art it helps to Express the dynamic action, to show the naturalness and ease of movement, variety composition.
In an asymmetric composition, the symmetry is either slightly broken, or completely absent. Items may be located in one part of the canvas and carry a large load. That's the asymmetry. The harmony in asymmetrical composition is not disturbed, but under the condition that the artist obeys certain rules of its construction.
Asymmetry we can observe in the natural world. The human body, for example, is not perfectly symmetrical. Limbs may vary slightly in length or thickness, one half of the face is different from another curve of the lips, wrinkles, the location of eyebrows and others. The photo below clearly shows that such asymmetry. You see, if our facial features were symmetrical, it would look not very attractive!


Many objects have an inherent symmetry. It implies that certain parts have a balance with respect to the Central axis or point.

If the object is divided into equal parts and the extreme point of one side repeating the same the opposite, then it can be judged as symmetrical. Great attention is paid to the symmetry perfectionists.
It is used in the decorative arts (painting ornaments, for example). Symmetry and asymmetry in composition are often used. For example, artists during the Renaissance perceived the language of symmetry as a mapping of the ideal, balanced state of an object. They sought to implement its laws.

the Use of symmetry and asymmetry in art

In the painting "betrothal of the virgin Mary" artist of Renaissance of Raphael Santi world displayed in perfect harmony and all its splendor. Each object is enclosed by strict logic.

What is the asymmetry for pictures? In the work of Raphael the impression of solemnity, but the characters are removed from the viewer, immersed in his thoughts, and at the same time well expressed by their dynamics, which is typical of the asymmetry. Because only you can use it well to Express the action.
Main action, the donning of a wedding ring on the finger of Mary, lies in the center of the composition. Symmetrically located on the picture of the temple in the background, in the center. Thus, the viewer can immediately identify the main action in the painting, relate them and understand what is the meaning.
Some of the figures of the composition still break symmetry, lying outside the sequence. Thus, symmetry and asymmetry in the composition help to highlight the main action and, together create a harmonious work.