A frieze in architecture is a great opportunity to diversify the appearance of the building
What is friezeFrieze in architecture – broad Central part of the entablature, it can be ionic or Doric order or decorated with bas-reliefs. Even if there are no columns or pilasters, frieze is located on the architrave (which is the lower part of the entablature), and is crowned by a cornice. Friz is used in architecture Greek of temples, palaces, the most famous and skilled of them – the Parthenon, one can cite the example of an ancient octagonal tower of the winds in Athens.
frieze is found in the architectural style of classicism. For example, the city of St. Petersburg, where often there is a frieze in architecture. This is the Kazan Cathedral, Winter Palace, the Tauride Palace and so on.
what material is made friezesMaterials to create them very much. Some can afford to decorate their palaces, the friezes of gold leaf cut them out of wood, ivory or different types of stones, PVC, cast in plaster, stucco and steel of high quality.
you can Often find plaster friezes, so as to make them easier and less costly. They take a finished silicone mold, then poured liquid plaster. After drying, they can decorate rooms. But, as you know, the cast is not permissible to be under high humidity, as it will begin to break down. So they are not decorated with facade only to the premises.
Where to use friezesIn the ordinary sense of the word frieze in architecture – strip, decorated with ornaments and reliefs. Usually they decorate the upper part of the structure, in rooms-ceilings and walls. They decorate the building and not just facades. Band of the frieze can surround the entire perimeter of the building. It can be located in temples, palaces, towers, and even bridges, despite what the architect had the idea. And I wonder what is the arched frieze in architecture. We are accustomed to hear that he is on the buildings. But where? Just have a over all that may resemble or be the arch – above the window of the front door (usually he has a tail door, which can not do without a frieze), a balcony, and finally, above the arch. In an example, the arch of the General staff on Palace square.
Friezes used to decorate the interior. For example, it is placed under the ceiling or above the door. The same principle – narrow or wide band, filled with reliefs, with various scenes or simple patterns. Use and imitation of the frieze-standard flat or convex label.
public structures there are friezesthe Maison carré in nîmes (16 BC). In this photo you can see that there is a frieze in architecture – strip, located along the perimeter of the temple on top of the capitals of the columns.
As a rule, Greek and Roman temples had either a frieze or alternating triglyphs and metopes instead, but sometimes (like in the Parthenon) in the architecture of the temple may be other details.
In India, for example, there are friezes at Konark sun temple. These are optional friezes above the columns, they can be used in different places of the temple.
In Russia, a vivid example of the application of the Frisians is the Kazan Cathedral located in St. Petersburg. They crown the columns of the temple, but do not differ intricate shapes.
That is depicted on the friezesDuring construction, depending on the budget, on the friezes may be a three-dimensional sculptures or reliefs of various sizes. Popular image – stories from Greek mythology, biblical characters or events. Can be placed of the Greek gods, such as Aphrodite, Cupid and Psyche, Apollo, the beautiful nymph and others.
What is depicted on the frieze, depends on the purpose of the building. The library will match the frieze with the goddess of wisdom Minerva, Academy of arts or the theatre is likely to be depicted Apollo with his muses, at the courthouse – the goddess of justice Themis, at the registry office – little cupids. That is an arched frieze. The architecture of the temple he's usually complex and with lots of detail. But what the budget was laid in the building, and this can make the frieze. Apply conventional patterns do not have a specific meaning, and used only as decoration.