Artist-decorator in the theater. The production of scenery for the stage

Why do people go to the theatre? To enjoy the wonderful acting, interesting story and… delightful decorations. Have you ever wondered who creates them and what an effort it cost?
set designers in the theater working hard to translate the idea of the art Director with the flat of drawings, sketches on large sets. In this article, you will learn about the profession of artist-decorator.

profession History

Decorators appeared in the ancient world. This is due to the needs of high society – of the clergy, rulers – surround yourself with rich elegant interiors, made of unique and expensive materials, which would have struck the imagination of the ambassadors of foreign delegations.
Profession of an artist-decorator old as well as the theatre. She has come a long way of formation and development. Theatrical scenery initially was primitive and rude. Now the representatives of the profession to create highly artistic design stage.

about the profession

the Name of the profession comes from the English word decorate, which means “embellish”.
Decorators – specialists in decoration and theatrical artists, who, based on sketches by other artists, I write scenery for performances. One of their main tasks – making decorations that will create a unique image of the scene, which will reflect not only the tastes of the Director, but also the spirit of the performance.
a decorator is sort of the architect scene. He needs to understand the device inside and out. The artist needs to know how to make his own scenery for the scene to control the process and monitor competent implementing of creative ideas.
Theatre artists work closely with the Director: they must always consider the creative idea and to implement his idea. However, the passive realization is not enough. If the designer has enough experience and talent, it can enrich and expand the Director's idea. By combining efforts, we can achieve incredible results.


the responsibilities of the artist-designer is to guide the workers in the workshop theatre, as well as personal fulfillment the most complex paintings. In addition, the artist-designer takes part in the reception of sketches and models of scenery for shows and controls the state of the art of scenery for performances of the current repertoire. He manages to restore, if theatrical scenery fell into disrepair. Working to preserve their original style and coloring. The scenery for the stage often require many different materials, records which are also set designers.

the Popularity and uniqueness of the profession

Often the decorator is equivalent to such specialists whose profession is associated with creativity, such as designers. However, this is not true. The activities of the artist-designer is aimed at making decorations for the stage, which will contribute to recreate the atmosphere of the work and to help the actors play, while the design work is aimed at mass production.
Profession theatre of the artist-designer can not be attributed to mass. Often in the same theater for decades, all run the same specialist.
In a large city where there are many theaters, a young specialist, it is possible to find a place in the workshop of scenery and thanks to the tenacity and creative individuality to become workshop Manager.

a Painter and decorator to...

  • to be able to draw and think creatively.
  • Know the basics of composition, drawing and painting.
  • to Understand the laws of color and color psychology.
  • to Remember the history of the styles and arts.
  • to Know the traditions of interior design, both modern and historical, ethnic.
  • take into Account the peculiarities of visual perception of the viewer.
  • Navigate the market of modern materials decor.
  • to Understand the structure and stage equipment, its characteristics.

Personal qualities

Personal qualities that should be possessed by a decorator:
  • Ability to analyze.
  • Creativity, resourcefulness and ingenuity.
  • Flexibility of mind and curiosity.
  • Development of spatial imagination.
  • Creative ability.
  • Diligence and responsibility.
  • Care and accuracy.


Education where to get a profession?

Profession of the artist-designer can be obtained in specialized secondary art schools, architecture and art academies. To improve their professional skills on various seminars, courses and workshops.

How does a decorator?

so, what does the work of theatre set designer? As any Director and actor – from the reading of the script, because the scenery further designed based on it.
Painter-decorator, you need to understand the ideological message of the work, to meet actors, to feel the historical era in which the action takes place, as well as to experience the rhythm, dynamics and interweaving of plot. Here begins the work: the artist-designer is the play like he is already on stage. Imagination at this stage is a very important part because it works on clarifying the concept of the future performances.

First condition further competent work of the theater artist – this is a clear idea about the production and the possible nature of her artistic decisions. Further there is a discussion of the concept with the Director. In most cases, the interaction of these two people determines the success of the performance.
After a discussion with the Director of development sketches and models of the future design and implementation of artistic design in General. Here it is necessary to remember that scene – is not just a part of the hall, you want to make. This is a space for acting, which is filled with his emotions and has its expressive power. The artist creates the layout of the scenery, forming “the style of the play" of working through the design.
Next, coordinating the layout with the Director and making amendments, the designer proceeds directly to the creation of scenery. It is a period of hard work on details, selection of the necessary material, texture and color.
Color of the scene should not be itself: it is agreed with the Director, costume designers and artists around the world. In addition, each piece of world classics requires its own color palette.
At first glance it may seem that the work of a theatrical scene painter too much detail, but they formed a complete image of the entire play. They help the viewer to enter the atmosphere of the performances and the actors-in their roles.

“Work for an actor” – one of the main precepts of the artist-designer. Decoration statement working to ensure that the actors built the plasticity of his character, found the most profitable area of the scene for each moment of the performance.
Color spotlights that can be seen in the setting process can be very diverse. Paint the electric lighting has to blend in with the General outline of stage design.
All this time we talked about theater artist-decorator. But not least, this profession and in musical theater, and the circus. A colorful and vibrant representation in the arena is not created without the participation of the artist. In the creation of any performances, productions and concerts you cannot do without the help of the artist-decorator.