Sculptures of plaster with their hands: technique, forms and guidelines
Key features of gypsum
In any hardware store you will find the gypsum powder or gypsum plaster. The material is made of sedimentary rock-gypsum. So diverse and wide application in construction works the plaster shall its availability in combination with low cost. To work with this material simply. Dilute it with water, after which you can start pouring the forms or modeling. Note: the plaster hardens very quickly on the air and it slightly increases in volume (no more than 1%). Prepare the solution at once, directly before working with it. The material is able to pass the smallest details. If desired, the sculptures of plaster can decorate with paints and other finishing formulations, and create high-quality imitation precious stone or metal.
Methods of making plaster sculptures
If you are not a professional sculptor, to start working with plaster has the meaning of making sculptures by molding. This technology involves the obtaining of finished products by pouring a plaster solution in the form. Forming – very simple way to create a sculpture that is suitable even for children's creativity. Children under 12 years of creative occupations should hold an adult. Alternative option how to make a sculpture from plaster – to simulate the desired figure from the dissolved gypsum on the frame. In work it is convenient to use a variety of spatulas and other tools. Some sculptures can be made from plaster with their hands? Material in a frozen form is quite porous and brittle. But despite this, it can be used for the manufacture of street sculpture. The perfect plaster to create the interior elements and decorative figurines. If you are just beginning to work with this material, try the first time to do something small and simple in form. Gradually improving your skills, you will learn how to create plaster masterpieces.
Ready form or create your own?
To make a plaster sculpture you can use ready-made forms. They are sold in stores for creativity. Interesting idea to use culinary forms, for example, for ice, cakes or candies. In addition to working with children creativity can be used for casting plaster molds for sand. If there is nothing interesting to pick up, try to make the shape with their hands. Simple sculptures (for example, interior columns or large mushrooms for garden decoration) can be done using household tools. For example, a hat for the fungus can be cast in the basin or bowl of the right size, and the leg-cropped plastic bottle. Molds can be removed with any available figures and figurines. Obtyanite the product with cling film. Then oblepicha it with clay or plasticine. Wait until solidification of the material, then carefully cut the shape and pull from it hidden inside the figure. Your improvised form is ready, now you can make sculptures out of plaster.
Preparing forms and pouring plaster
Form needs special processing before beginning work. Carefully RUB the inner walls with vaseline, vegetable oil or paraffin. Pay special attention to the smaller elements of the casting. Sculptors-professionals often prepare special grease for forms processing. Take 2 parts grated on a coarse grater soap, add 1 part vegetable oil and 7 parts water. Stir components to a smooth consistency. Grease ready – you can start processing the inner surface of the mold. In no case do not skip this step, otherwise you will not be able to get the finished product after its solidification. How to make a sculpture from plaster with their hands, how to properly plant a dry mix? Powder simply mix with water to the consistency of sour cream. Be sure to leave the plaster on for a few minutes, and then, well mixed, start filling the form. In water to prepare a plaster solution, you can add a small amount of PVA glue – not more than 25% of the total volume of the liquid.
Protective treatment productsOptimal for drying gypsum products temperature - 16-25 degrees. Sculpture produced by molding, must be removed from the forms after complete solidification. At this stage you can get in the bumps with a brush or a wet sponge. If the form of sculptures made of plaster you are completely satisfied, leave them for some time for final drying. The next stage-preparing the figures for painting. Apply several coats to the entire surface with special primer. You can replace it with white glue diluted with water. If you made the sculpture, which will stand outside, for extra protection, treat it with varnish or shellac.
After the primer has dried you can start the most creative part of the process – design of the sculpture. Garden sculpture made of plaster must be painted the most resistant inks. Small figurines and children's crafts can be painted with gouache. To paint the sculptures, which will be indoors, you can use any paint and its application technology. After painting, you can additionally coat the product with a layer of clear nail Polish to secure the decoration. If appropriate, further adorn the sculptures of plaster decorative elements. It can be a separate beads and rhinestones, bows, textile parts or special plastic figures.
Observe all rules of work with the gypsum and the sequence of the technological stages. Very often problems in the work with this simple material arise from the violation of manufacturing techniques of sculpture. Be sure to thoroughly dry the product after demolding and only then proceed to their further processing. Try using different shapes for making sculptures. As samples for their manufacture can use any small figurines, toys and household items. In the described technique at home, you can make casts of the hands. Sculptures made of plaster – interesting and accessible to every kind of creativity!