Dynamics and statics in the composition: definition, examples

Visual art is based on the concept of "composition". It provides the meaning and integrity of the work. Solving the artistic challenge, the Creator selects a means of expression, think through the form of embodiment of ideas and builds a composition. To represent the intent of the artist needs a variety of tools, among which are the dynamics and statics in composition. Let's talk about the specifics of static and dynamic composition.

the Concept of composition

art song is the leading characteristic of the art form. It provides the unity and interconnection of all elements and parts of the work. The concept of "composition" researchers put values such as the skillful combination of expressive means, the embodiment of the author in the material, and the development of the theme in space and time. That is when the author presents the main and secondary, executes the semantic and visual centers. It is present in any form of art, but the dynamics and statics in the composition of the most tangible and valuable in the art. Composition – a kind of tool that organizes all the expressive tools, and allows the artist to achieve the highest expressiveness of shape. In the song unite form and content, they combine the aesthetic idea and the artistic intent of the author.

the composition

Despite the fact that the main rallying point of the composition is a unique idea of the artist, there are common patterns of constructing composite forms. The basic principles or laws of composition developed in art practice, they were not artificially invented, and were born in the course of centuries the creative process of many artists. Integrity – the first and most important law of composition. According to him, the work must be carefully calibrated form, in which anything it is impossible to subtract or add, without violating the plan.
Primacy of the idea over the form – another law of composition. All means are always subordinate to the idea of the artist, the idea is born first, and only then the material embodiment appears in color, texture, sound, etc. Any composition is based on contrasts, and this is another law. Opposite colors, sizes, textures allows you to draw the viewer's attention to certain form elements, to highlight the compositional center and give the idea a special touch. Another immutable law of creation of the composition – a novelty. Every work of art – this is a unique author's view on the phenomenon or situation. It is in finding a new angle and new means of realizing the idea, perhaps eternal and familiar, lies the main value creation.

Means song

Every art has developed its own range of expressive compositional means. In the visual arts these include lines, strokes, colour, light and shade, proportion and Golden section, form. But there are more common tools, common to many art forms. These include rhythm, symmetry and asymmetry, the selection of the composite center. Dynamics and statics in the composition are universal means of expression of aesthetic ideas. They are closely connected with the existence of composition in space and time. The combination of different tools allow artists to create individual and original work. In the version of this expressive Arsenal and manifests the author's style of the Creator.

Species composition

Despite the individuality of works of art, there is a fairly limited range of compositional forms. There are several classifications, which for various reasons identify the types of compositions. The peculiarities of the representation of an object isolated front, surround and depth-spatial types. They differ in the distribution of objects in space. So, front is only a single plane of the object, three-dimensional – multiple, deep-space – shows several promising plans and the placement of objects in three dimensions.

there is Also a tradition to distinguish closed and open composition, in which the author distributes the items either on the center or towards the outer contour. Researchers divide the composite shape into symmetric and asymmetric, on the dominant location of objects in space with a certain rhythm. In addition, the dynamics and statics in the composition are also the basis for selection of shape types of works. They differ in the presence or absence of motion in the piece.

Static composition

Stability and statics have a special Association in humans. The world around tends to move and therefore something permanent, immutable, fixed is perceived as a kind of value. Considering the laws of composition, the researchers found that the static is present in almost all types of art. The artists of ancient times saw a special art and complex task is to capture the beauty of some object or object. Static compositions are perceived as emotions of peace, harmony, balance. Find a balance – a real challenge to the artist. To solve this problem, the artist uses a variety of means.


Static means song

And statics and dynamics in composition, simple shapes which are the primary means of expression, use different set of forms. Statics perfectly convey such geometric shapes like rectangle and square. For static compositions characterized by the absence of vivid contrasts, colors and textures are applied close to each other. The subjects in the compositions are not very different in size. Such compositions are based on the nuances, the play of colors.

Dynamic composition

Dynamics and statics in the composition, the definition of which we present, are resolved by using traditional means of expression: lines, colors, dimensions. Dynamics in art – it is the desire to reflect the transience of life. As with statics, the motion is a serious artistic challenge. As it has diverse features, in this task, in contrast to statics, there are many more solutions. Dynamics is a diverse range of emotions, it is associated with movement of thought and empathy.


creation Tools speakers

To transfer the sense of movement, there is a large gamma of expressive means. It is vertical and wavy lines, the distribution of objects in space, contrast. But the main tool is rhythm, i.e. the alternation of subjects with a certain interval. Motion, statics, rhythm in songs are always linked. In each work one can find elements of each of these principles. But for dynamics, rhythm is a fundamental principle.

Examples of statics and dynamics in composition

Any kind of artwork can provide samples of static and dynamic compositions. But in the visual arts to find them much easier, since these principles are the basic visual form. Statics and dynamics in composition, examples of which we want to introduce the artists. Examples of static compositions are still lifes, which was originally built as caught the moment of the traffic stop. Also many of the classic static portraits, for example, Tropinin, Borovikovsky. The embodiment of statics is a painting by Kazimir Malevich called "Black square". Dynamic compositions are a genre, landscape and battle-pieces. For example, “Troika" of V. Perov, "Boyarynya Morozova” Surikov, “Dance” of Matisse.