American artist Georgia O'keeffe (Georgia O'keeffe): paintings, biography

Georgia OʹKeeffe known as “the mother of American modernism”. Her work was interpreted by Freud, but she did not recognize similar analogies. She loved to paint flowers and leaves, landscapes with rocks, and all of her paintings have found admirers. In 2014, her "White flower" # 1 was sold at auction for more than $ 4 million. This is a record for paintings, written by a woman.

Childhood and youth

Georgia Ocif, paintings which we next consider, far was born in 1887 in sun Prairie, state of Wisconsin. Her parents, Francis and IDA Okif kept a dairy farm. Father was Irish, my mother's father was count George Victor Totto. In his honor, called granddaughter. Georgia was the eldest of seven children. For 10 years she decided to become an artist. Over time, the family moved to Milesburg, Virginia. Here, she was the best pupil of the art school. After graduating from high school in 1905, the girl studied in the school of the Art Institute of Chicago. Moving to new York, she for still life with a dead rabbit received a scholarship to participate in the work outdoor. In 1908 Georgia visited the exhibition of Rodin's watercolors, which was organized at his gallery 291 renowned photographer and supporter of modernism, Alfred Stieglitz (1864 – 1946).

Search path

In 20 years Okif refused work by the artist, as she was irritated with the smell of solvents. She began to teach painting, but often changed places of work in different cities and States. At the same time the young artist adopted the experience of the teachers who was with her. In 1912 she became interested in the principles of Oriental design.

new York Again

1915 – 1916, she again began to paint. GA Okif his paintings at this time were drawing with charcoal and watercolor. They had accumulated a sufficient number for the exhibition. The work was abstract. Blue Line she drew repeatedly. One of the first options executed in watercolor on paper in 1916.

she wanted to say, to understand is hard enough. In the abstract, everyone sees only what he wants to see. Stieglitz exhibited ten of her works, executed in Texas in his gallery. They never met, but two years corresponded and finally decided to live together, though Alfred was 23 years older and also married. This is a photograph of 1918, which placed in the beginning of the article. Only Stiglitz did neither more nor less than 350 portraits of her. In 1924, his divorce was approved by a judge, and artist and photographer were married. Work 1919, Blue Line, very different from the first.

it is made otherwise – oil on canvas. The picture is very decorative and a good sense of color of the painter. But what is it about? The author is very fond of saying one of the most brilliant philosophers-Schopenhauer: “Who thinks clearly, he clearly States". This applies to painting. GA Ocif picture with blue line wrote definitely just enjoying the play of colors, form. In the second case, also the ability to convey the depth of space. Perhaps more about them and say nothing.

style Changes

In the 20-ies of the GA Okif paintings began to write large-scale. Natural forms (flowers, leaves) it's like looking through a magnifying glass. In 1924 she painted her first huge flower – “Petunia No. 2”. This work she presented at the exhibition of 1925, together with the landscapes of new York. It was transformed by skyscrapers consisting of sparkling patterned structures.

new Mexico

In 1929 Ocif began to look for new sources of inspiration for their work. She wanted to avoid the summer surrounded by family Stiglitz and his friends to retire. 16 years she will come to new Mexico every summer. It attracted by ancient Mexican architecture, vegetation, skulls and bones in the sand – the symbols of the desert. And in 1945 Georgia buy yourself an old Adobe house and dwell in it in 1946 after her husband's death.

“Autumn leaves”

Picture of Autumn Leaves that we present, written in 1924. The artist collects shells, pretty stones, bones, lake George, and bright leaves, which strike her imagination with a variety of shapes and colors.

leaves Most of her palettes are becoming all shades of red, crimson, ochre and green colors, creating a festive mood of autumn. These oak leaves cling to plane, overlapping each other. But they do not merge with each other. They are isolated from each other. All items are increased. The remnants of the summer are underlined in green. Between 1922 and 1931 year the GA created the 29 paintings on the theme of autumn leaves. Here's another Autumn Leaves (1927), which illustrates an exquisite balance, which the artist established between abstraction and realism.

the Sheets of a stack overlap each other. The background seems a bit cropped. But on the first page, as through a magnifying glass, we see the enlarged veins. The leaves seem to submitted ahead and ask them to consider carefully, at a time when we usually walk around him, examining. During this period, GA Okif pattern forms in the new emerging style that characterizes most iconic images.

the growing popularity and the death of her husband

In the 30-40-ies of her work more recognizable. She takes part in exhibitions. The picture with the deer skull and wild flowers was one of her most famous works. In 1946 she was, as usual, in the summer in new Mexico and learned about the serious condition of her husband. He died and his ashes were scattered over lake George. Three years Georgia OʹKeeffe held in new York. At this time, she was engaged in the Affairs of the inheritance. Then she permanently moved to new Mexico.


Bella Donna that you now see was written in 1939.

the Artist was fascinated by the flower and created a great series. She talked about it like this: “Nobody sees a flower, because it really small. We don't have time to look at. So I decided to draw it big so everyone was surprised looking at it”. The second painting, presented here as dedicated to the belladonna-Bella Donna.

the Background was more intense. The flowers sparkle with a yellowish, pinkish, bluish and turquoise tones, which are interspersed with white petals. With the passion of the pedant, the artist achieves a greater and greater resemblance to a real living flower, at the same time creating a generalized image.

«Black; iris”

Black Iris, oil on canvas, refers to the early work of 1926.

But it caused a heated debate. First, it is considered undoubted masterpiece Ocif. And then talking about it and arguing. Extending beyond the petals, the artist forces the viewer to observe all its minute details. If the picture has not been monumental (its size is 91,4х75,9 cm), they would have been missed. This is her husband considered arrogant. He was shocked by them. Watch yourself and try to understand what is the secret.

Artistic vision and individual style

Okif looking for abstract shapes of real objects. With great subtlety she found subtle nuances of form, light and color. Landscapes, flowers, bones were examined in a series consistently over the years, and, if necessary, several years. Or even decades. The work of the 50's, 60's, 70's years are based on the images already present in the paintings of the mid 40-ies. The flowers on her canvases are often called erotic, which is not quite true. GA Okif pattern energizes a great artist. While life experience is transferred to the canvas. In addition, in the pictures there is the individuality that originally personally had. Her paintings convey subjective impressions of what she saw.

Later years

By 1972 Okif almost lost his eyesight. Oil writing she couldn't, but worked with charcoal and pencil. Then she met a young Potter, who soon became her confidant and companion. After her death in 1986 at the age of 98, her body was cremated and the ashes scattered. This, it seems, can put an end to the story of the long life of the artist named Georgia Ocif. Biography, however, was continued because the property was left to the companion. The relatives challenged the will, and the case was settled out of court. On the part of its assets, the Museum was created in Santa Fe, which houses all the creative legacy of Georgia Ocif. The text of the article written on the basis of the English Wikipedia.