The Museum of art history. Kunsthistorisches Museum. Vienna Sights

In 1891 in Vienna, was opened the Museum of art history. Although in fact it existed in 1889.

Who designed it?

Huge and a beautiful building in the Renaissance style immediately became one of the symbols of the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Museum, following the example of other similar institutions in Europe, was designed on the basis of the Royal collections of art works of art. The building was designed and built in Europe by the famous architect Gottfried Semper.

He tried to make the interior of buildings elements inherent in the Roman Empire than very pleased of the Austro-Hungarian Emperor, seeing the hint of the continuity of the glory of the Holy Roman Empire.

Where?

Art Museum in Vienna is located in the square Maria Theresa a beautiful landscaped Park and is a monument to the Empress.

house of Habsburg, beginning in the fifteenth century, collected family portraits. In addition, many monarchical emperors of this dynasty were buying paintings of famous artists of his time. When you fit a collection of paintings has become almost nowhere, the Emperor Franz Joseph and came up with the idea to build a separate building for storage of the rarest works of art. Moreover, to see paintings of the Renaissance ancient sculptures and other precious artifacts, collected over the centuries by the Habsburg dynasty, will have the opportunity everyone. For public viewing of the pictures became available under Maria Theresa.

Description

Museum Building is really special. The construction of the triangle is crowned with a lush dome with a diameter of sixty meters. Inside there is a ninety-one Museum hall, not counting the outbuildings. In front of the imposing and beautiful building is a large well-kept lawn, on which grow shrubs, elaborately trimmed in the shape of circles, cylinders and the like.

They scattered across the lawn, no piles of green that gives the space in front of the Museum is very refined, elegant look. Large-scale building in itself is admirable, to say nothing of it collected in art treasures.

Exhibits

In the Vienna Museum of art history, the exhibits have been transported from other treasures of the Habsburgs. So, from the Cabinet of curiosities, located in Prague Castle were moved to Vienna some of the paintings collected by Emperor Rudolf II. Priceless paintings have become the most picturesque exposition of the Kunsthistorisches Museum.

From the castle of Ambras was delivered paintings collected by Archduke Ferdinand II. Leopold-William, as Governor of the Southern Netherlands, bought the picture at auction in Brussels. And, over time, collected the most extensive and substantive collection of paintings of outstanding masters of painting - Rubens, Tintoretto, Titian, van Eyck and others. In the Museum of art history has taken famous paintings and other works of the many castles, palaces, art galleries belonging to the Habsburgs.

Austrians were able to keep their priceless treasures during the First and Second world war. Expropriated in 1918, the Museum exhibits were transferred to the state. Particularly the building of the Museum of art was damaged during the Second world war. However, residents of Vienna were able to take care of the amazing works of art. They prudently took and hid the priceless treasures of world culture just before the war. The Museum of art history in Vienna has reopened decades after the end of world war II, in 1959.

Ancient artifacts and Egyptian hall

its Exhibits are extremely ancient, it is not only the paintings of the Renaissance, and ancient works of art, whose age has reached four millennia. For example, the sculpture of the head, which was found during excavations in Giza about a hundred years ago.

it is believed that it was made during the reign of Pharaoh Khufu. By the way, in the Museum there is a vast hall devoted to Egyptian theme. It's equipped like an ancient Egyptian temple. This hall contains rare treasures, which have witnessed the era of the pharaohs.

Exhibits of antiquity

Also in the Museum are the exhibits of antiquity. It's a Roman copy of the sculpture of the head of Aristotle, copy of a Greek original sculpture "Aphrodite and Eros”. The famous bas-relief cameo “gem of Augustus” made of onyx and many other artistic values of the Hellenic and Roman cultures.

Exhibits of jewelry

in Addition to the historic paintings, the Museum holds samples of famous artists jewelry. for Example, the work of the Italian genius Benvenuto Cellini. Whose work was very prestigious to give the members of the Royal dynasties of Europe in the sixteenth century.

One of such works-the salt shaker with the image of Neptune and Ceres - you can see in one of the halls of the Viennese Museum of art history. Exquisite and delicate work of the famous jeweler is priceless. There are luxury items from the work of other eminent masters. Bowl made of lapis lazuli work Gasparo, Meserani, a masterpiece of the late sixteenth century.

Exhibits ivory

One of the halls of the Museum contains the ivory. Among the many exhibits, particularly the sculpture of Jacob Auer «Apollo and Daphne", Dating back to 1688. Bone carving flourished especially in Vienna, was a popular pastime during the reign of Emperor Leopold I.

So his bust is in this themed room. Here is the bust of a young Marie Antoinette, the French Queen, beheaded on the scaffold, like the majority of aristocrats during the revolution.

Art gallery and the numismatic hall

And yet the basis and the nucleus of the Vienna Museum of art history is an art gallery. If you remember all of the famous European painters of all time, half of their works, no doubt, is in this Museum. The art gallery has several, so to speak, sections. One dedicated to the works of the Flemish painters. Here you can see the immortal canvases by Rubens, van Dyck, and Jacob Jordaens. In the German section includes works by Albrecht dürer, Holbein, Cranach. The Dutch section is represented by paintings brush Hals, Ter Borch, van Rijn, and other eminent artists.


Italian contains painting by Titian Giorgione, Mantegna, Caravaggio, Raphael. There is also a section dedicated to the artists of England and France.
in Addition to all these exhibits, the Museum has a unique numismatic hall. His collection ranks among the best collections in the world. Collected here are ancient and rare coins, medals, awards and other insignia.

natural history Museum

If you are interested in the most famous museums, visit the Museum of natural history. The building is in the Renaissance style. It looks very harmonious with the Museum of art history. Opened these two establishments in the same year. In the Museum of natural history presents nature exhibits belonging to the house of Habsburg. This place has thirty-nine rooms, which are plants and animals that have become extinct a couple of centuries ago. There are more than three million exhibits. Most of them were brought from different parts of the globe. The first floor will fit the exposition, dedicated to all sorts of fauna. The famous exhibits are the skeleton of a Diplodocus stuffed Steller cow. On the second floor are the geological exhibits. This collection of rare gems, a collection of minerals, fossils. There are fragments of the meteorite and a tiny statuette Venus of Willendorf.

the House of Figaro

What to see for those interested in Vienna (the city). Attractions here a lot. For tourists visiting Vienna, you should definitely see the musical genius-Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. It is here the famous composer lived in between 1784 and 1787. Here was born the famous Opera “Marriage of Figaro". Therefore, until recently, citizens were called home – the House of Figaro. Residents of Vienna have not regretted eight million euros for the reconstruction of the building. The house is situated in the old part of the city, near St. Stephen's Cathedral.

Conclusion

Now you know that Vienna (the city attractions which we've reviewed) is quite beautiful and interesting, of course, largely thanks to its museums. Be sure to visit the places described in the article. Believe me, this beauty deserves the attention of every tourist.