Tips for beginners: the basic and additional colors

If you are doing painting or just use it in the work or the work of paint, then you should know what constitutes a complementary color, what colors they are, how to obtain and use. It is useful to you in mixing colors with a brush, and when working on a modern graphics tablets.

facilities Study: main and additional colors

Each of you has ever met in the books the image of the rainbow stripes, or circle, where one color smoothly into the other in the order in which they are found in natural phenomenon-the rainbow. This is not a fantasy color scheme, but a real representation of the distribution of tones when you split a beam of white light into components. Each color corresponds to a particular wavelength.

This color wheel is called a spectrum. They are artists, designers in the selection of colors and their beautiful combinations for their work. There are three basic colors — red, blue and yellow. You can still hear the term — primary. These colors are impossible to mix any paints or colored lights. The other shades are composite, as are derivatives of the basic. Usually, in opposition to the main point of the additional color obtained by mixing the first: orange, composed of yellow and red, green — yellow and blue, and purple — red and blue. If mechanically mix the three primary colours produces black. In the case of optical overlay appears white.

a Pair of complementary colors

so, additional color — those that are located on opposite ends of the lines drawn through the center of the spectral range. To make it easier to focus on the practice, you need to remember three main pairs: yellow and purple, red and green, orange and blue. The other shades are easy to determine by moving the line corresponding to the diameter color spectrum to the desired angle.


How to get more color in painting

paint Pigments in modern sets are usually varied, therefore, working with palette, you can use a number of callers, making of them the desired colors. If at the initial stage you will doubt that you need to add in the color available, you can always use the range as a hint, the schema.
In fact, it is not necessary to buy a set of paints with a large number of ready-made shades. All the range is easy to own, with only basic colors (blue, red, yellow). To change the saturation of an additional constituent shade will need black and white color. This problem can only occur in the case that in the box instead of pure spectral colors will be any hue, e.g., blue-green, purple, Burgundy. Choosing a set of colors, be sure to look, to present it pure primary colors, then to cook for more you will not be difficult.

Painting in digital format

In the world of modern technology even the artists behind the screens of monitors and electronic input devices graphic information. Working on your tablet, you are creating your picture is not on paper but on the screen of the display, not actually mixing paint and outgoing rays of light.

Term "color space" is commonly used in computer programs for working with graphics involves display model shades in digital form. Each color is characterized by numerical parameters in the selected coordinate system. It can be three-dimensional or multidimensional, depending on the number of used axes, that is, the color settings. The most simple and intuitive color model is RGB, CMYK. The first is used to visualize images on a screen (TV, monitor), and the second — when printing on more device, such as a conventional office printer.

Thus, drawing on the tablet, you will choose shades of colors, each of which has its numerical characterization, consisting of three values.

How to choose color scheme for a picture

whichever way you created your work with a brush on canvas or a stylus on a graphics tablet, all the colors should be selected so that they harmonize. It is easy to do using the range.


there are several Ways:
  • Use only warm colors (those that contain the yellow component).
  • Take solely cool colors on the basis of blue.
  • Try the contrast option — a combination of one primary color and the complementary compound, and their colors.
  • Experiment with the achromatic colors (black-gray-white), adding any spectral hue.
This is just the simplest way to obtain a harmonious, vivid combinations in the work.
so the colors are closely related. The diversity of colors you can not only organize, but use strictly in accordance with the theoretical knowledge on chromatics. In this case, your work and in man-made, and in digital options are the most interesting and spectacular.