Erich kästner: the biography and work of the writerErich kästner (1899-1974), German writer and critic, a native of Dresden, has earned its popularity due to the humorous novels for children and topical of poetry with a hint of satire.
Childhoodthe childhood years of writer can be found in his work entitled "When I was little." From biographical texts available in the Network, known not so much: the boy grew up in Dresden and at age 14 enrolled in teacher-training courses. However, three years later, shortly before their official end of the Erich kästner-interrupted training. Later these events will be described by the author in the book "the Flying classroom".
House where the boy lived with his family, was located on Konigsbrucker-straße. Now nearby is a Museum dedicated to the writer. Kestner's father worked as a saddler, and his mother managed to visit three "roles": maids, housekeeper and a hairdresser.
Young man loved her very much, so even after leaving his father's house with the beginning of the First world war (1917), continued to write to her mother, writing touching letters and cards. Tender feelings to her Erich kästner moved in their works. Moreover, his attitude is not shaken even with the emergence of rumors that she cheated on her husband with their family doctor, Emil Zimmermann. However, this information was not confirmed, as the suggestion that Erich could be his son.
YoungBeing called up for military service, the young man was trained in the company of heavy artillery. It was a very difficult test for the young Kestner played a major role in shaping his worldview.
In the army, Erich severely were drilled, which led to the development of heart disease in the future writer. Later the image of his main abuser Sergeant Auriga will appear in one of the satirical poems ridiculing German militarism and people like that, happy to support this policy.
CareerAfter the First world Erich kästner was enrolled in University of Leipzig where they prefer the Humanities and theater studies. However, education was not free, and empty pockets forced the young man to reflect on the need for part-time work, despite the "Golden scholarship" received previously.
In the end, Kestner tried a lot of things: from perfume salesman to assistant stockbroker. After defending his thesis in 1925, Erich began to make a living in journalism critique theatrical performances in the column of a local newspaper, but two years later was dismissed. A young man accused of frivolous conduct for writing the poem "Evening song of the chamber virtuoso", with obvious erotic overtones.
Almost immediately after the events described in the Erich kästner moved to Berlin to continue working in the same newspaper, only as a visiting fellow at the Department of culture. Over time the young man used a lot of pseudonyms under which he published his article: Berthold bürger, Melchior Kurtz, Peter flint and Robert Neuner.
today it became known that in the period from 1923 to 1933, kästner has written more than 350 articles. The exact figure is unknown because many of the works of the writer was destroyed by fire in 1944.
In the period from 1926 to 1932 in the newspaper Beyers für Alle came out a little less than two hundred different stories and mysteries for children, written by Erich and published under the pseudonym Klaus and Clare. Besides, the man has published his articles and other materials in various periodicals that quickly brought him fame in the intellectual circles of Berlin.
Erich kästner: books the authorthe First book of the writer, published in 1928, was a collection of poems, and three the next. A year later came the works in prose: one of them (the children's novel "Emil and the detectives") is popular until now. It shot several films and even a mini-series, although the plot of the very first film adaptation was made some edits, in accordance with the requirements of the time.
a Few were later published other children's books: "Button and Anton" "the Flying Classroom", "Lotta". The only novel of value from the point of view of literary significance, is considered published in 1931, "Fabian: the story of a moralist".
In 1933 Erich kästner, whose books were burned as defamatory and objecting to the German spirit, was removed from the writers ' Union after several interrogations by the Gestapo. The writer, remaining in Berlin because of the reluctance to leave his mother, he watched "fire show" on the square.
As a result, in the Third Reich the publication of his works was banned, but Erich managed to publish in Switzerland a few innocuous novels.
after the war, a writer will be written autobiographical novel of his childhood years "When I was little" and "Little Max" and "Little Max and little miss" (1957), dedicated to the son of Erich.
Latest work of kästner, published in 1961, is his journal "Notabene 45".
After the Second world warIn 1944, the Kestner's apartment burned down in the bombing, so when the war was over, the writer moved to Munich, where he occupied a senior position in the Department of the local newspaper, appeared on radio and in the literary cabaret.
Apparently, due to such a turbulent life Kestner Erich was never married, but had a beloved son Thomas. The writer died in one of clinics of Munich (Neuperlach) in July 1974 and was buried in the cemetery of St. George.