The concept of "benefit": what means this word?

All avid theatergoers, this concept is well known. Many fans of the talents of actors like to come to their benefit, what is the event is, will tell you about any of those people.
We will try to consider this concept in a little more detail.

History of the phenomenon

the Word before us, is of French origin. It represents a “income” or “use”.
what is the reason?
Explanation is simple. The fact that such performances were held in theaters in Europe, to financially support a famous actor. A large part of the box office receipts went to the beneficiary.
If we ask the question about what it means benefit and when this tradition originated, we find that the first performance was played in France in the mid 18th century.
Success of such events was quite wide, so these performances attracted the attention of other landlords of the theatres and the actors themselves.

Russian Benefis

as for our homeland, it is tradition to give actors the benefit (what is this type of performance, we already knew) appeared in our country in the late 18th century. It was a tacit way to support actors, musicians and playwrights, not only famous, but also distressed.
In the system of the Imperial theatres of Russia these performances were given regularly. The beneficiary has an opportunity to independently choose a play for staging and even their own role in it.
Some famous actors used this opportunity to put on stage plays young, but promising, in their opinion, authors.
a Special gift to recognize these talents was the actor Michael Semenovich Schepkin, who played at the benefit performances in the plays of N. V. Gogol. The same flair was the actor of the Maly theater Prov Mikhailovich Sadovsky, with pleasure performing for the benefit of the play by A. N. Ostrovsky.
Therefore I loved the actors the benefit that such an action could bring - they knew and material benefits, and a good role.
However, in the early 20th century in the Imperial theatres the plays were banned.

current situation

With the arrival of the Bolsheviks the Russian theatrical art was forced to obey the rules of the new time. By order dated 1925, all such performances were banned and the theatres themselves nationalized.

it would have died this good old benefit, what is this - would remember some old-timers. But gradually the interest in the style began to revive. They turned in performances-anniversaries. Only to call them of steel is different: the author's evening this actor, anniversary performance, etc. Today, this tradition is also widely sought after.