Sculptor Tsereteli Zurab Konstantinovich: a biography, creativity
Origin and childhoodBorn Zurab Tsereteli January 4, 1934 in Tbilisi in the Georgian family with princely roots. His father belonged to an ancient princely family, as well as the mother. The father of the future sculptor was working as a civil engineer, mother was a homemaker. A lot of time in the childhood, Zurab spent in the house of his uncle on the maternal side – George Nizharadze, an artist. His house was filled with special creative atmosphere, it was often visited by Georgian artist Sergo Kobuladze, Ucha Japaridze, Davit Kakabadze. They saw the talent in the boy and became his first teachers.
EducationAfter high school, the future sculptor Tsereteli enrolled in the Tbilisi Academy of arts, Department of painting. And all his life he considers himself primarily a painter and then a sculptor, a muralist. Graduated Zurab in 1958. Six years later, during which time he worked as an artist-architect in the Institute of history, archeology and Ethnography at the Georgian Academy of Sciences, he was sent to study in France. During this trip Tsereteli able to communicate with a large number of famous painters and artists, including Pablo Picasso and Marc Chagall, who appreciated the talent of the budding Georgian artist.
the Path to great artSince the late 60-ies Tsereteli attracts a monumental work and mosaic. The sculptor has a great work ethic and high productivity, so he manages to create such a large number of works. Among the first works which brought him fame was the design project of resort complex in Pitsunda (1967), a series of mosaic and stained-glass compositions in Tbilisi (1972), the original children's resort town of Adler (1973). The implementation of such major projects Tsereteli has opened access to even more serious work. He carries out orders for the Ministry of foreign Affairs of the USSR, where he worked as chief artist. Significant was the work of Zurab on the design of the Olympic games and the development of the project of the hotel complex «Moscow» in Moscow in 1980.
In the next 10 years numerous monuments Tsereteli appear in Russia and abroad. Fascinate his designs of metal, it makes a lot of large-scale monuments several pilot projects with stained glass. In the early 90-ies Tsereteli moved to Moscow, where with the active support of mayor Yuri Luzhkov creates many monumental compositions for the Russian capital.
Also for many years Zurab creates sculptural portraits of contemporaries, established in many cities of the country and the world.
most Important part of his oeuvre he considers Tsereteli painting. During his long life he wrote more than 5,000 paintings on various topics. His works are in many private and public collections in the world.
Religious theme in the work of Tseretelithe most Important theme in the art of Zurab Tsereteli is faith. He was actively involved in the restoration of the temple of Christ the Savior, changing the original plan. It caused indignation of historians, but Yuri Luzhkov took the side of the painter, sculptor and adjustments left. Zurab Konstantinovich has repeatedly addressed religious topics. So, he created a monument to Pope John Paul II. But the most extensive was the sculpture of Jesus Christ. The artist conceived her for the Olympic Sochi, but to establish there a monument failed. Later Jesus Christ Zurab Tsereteli tried to install in St. Petersburg, but even there he did not fit into the landscape. This is not surprising because the height of the monument together with the pedestal is 80 meters.
Peter the greatSculptor Tsereteli always gravitated to large-scale structures, and in 1997 he received from the Moscow government Grand order. On an artificial island in the Moscow river, he was instructed to build a large-scale sculpture. So there monument to Peter the great. Its height is 98 meters. The erection of the monument caused great indignation among the public, and after the departure of Luzhkov as mayor there were suggestions to remove the monument. However, no one took on this responsibility and expense, and the monument still stands in Moscow.
Famous worksIn a huge heritage Tsereteli difficult to identify the most significant: the list is a very long one. However, the most high-profile and large-scale creations include the following:
memorial monument on Poklonnaya hill in Moscow.
shopping Mall "Ryad" in Moscow.
the monument «Friendship forever”, dedicated to the Russian-Georgian friendship (Moscow)
the sculptures on Manezhnaya square in Moscow;
composition “Good triumphs over evil” in new York;
- two versions of the sculpture “the Birth of a New Man” in Paris and in Seville;
- sculpture “Bunny” in Baden-Baden;
- monument to Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya in Ruza.