Byzantine, Georgian and old Russian ornaments and their values. Ancient ornament, photo

Ancient ornament is one of the most interesting phenomena in the world culture. During the whole time it was modified and supplemented. Despite this, Russian ornament of any century, is considered one of the most interesting. In our article you can find more information not only about ancient images, and the ornaments of other Nations.

General information about ornaments

the Ornament is a set of patterns and symbols on a particular subject. When applied, the artists certainly agree on the appointment of the subject and the picture itself, to achieve a positive experience from the viewer. View of the ancient Russian ornament, or any other pattern can be geometric, vegetal, zoomorphic and anthropomorphic.
In ancient times people believed that certain patterns and designs in the ornament can bring in their home prosperity, good health, will help to improve your personal life and bring understanding to the family. Many people today believe that. It is also believed that the ornament could show the emotional state of the artist at the time of creation of the pattern. Surprisingly, the old Russian ornament applied not only to household items and clothing, but also the body. This drawing became a talisman. The ornament has ceased to apply to the body after the adoption of Christianity in Russia.
it is believed that the history of the ornament begins with the Paleolithic era. Ancient patterns allow us to figure out how our ancestors lived. In our times also there are people who believe in the magical properties of the drawings.

Ancient magic pictures

Ancient ornament is one of the best. This is not surprising, as he amazes the contemporaries with its beauty, uniqueness and a kind of magical power invested in him by our ancestors. It is worth noting that the ancient patterns have been borrowed from Byzantium and the Caucasus. Over time, they evolved and animalservices. Today, the ancient ornament is a unique design that became known to the world of art. Most often it was used as a talisman against evil spirits, damage and the evil eye. The magic figures were applied to the dishes, books, household items, clothing, and walls of the house. It should be noted that the meaning of some symbols in the pattern are still unknown.

Byzantine ornament. General information

the Byzantine, Georgian and old Russian ornaments are considered the most refined and interesting. They are an important component in the development of world art. Byzantine ornaments include Hellenistic and Oriental tradition. They consist of a variety of motives. Characteristic of Byzantine ornament is a large number of patterns are bizarre. They have bright and intense color, which survived until our days.

Due to Arabic and Persian art in the Byzantine ornaments appeared mythological characters such as griffins, dragons and others. It is also worth noting that often in the drawings was used not only fantastic, but also real animals and birds. Usually the ornaments they are located inside a circle or any other geometric shape.
floral motifs in the Byzantine ornament was rarely used and not complicated. Some elements did not carry a specific podsmysl. Surprisingly, the paint for painting the Byzantines added copper, gold, mercury. Because of this, they could get a variety of saturated shades that persist for many years.

Georgian ornaments. Popularity these days

Georgian ornaments are not much different from the Byzantine or old Russian. As a rule, they are dominated by geometric motifs. All patterns and drawings have an unusually rich color. Most frequently Georgian ornaments consist of crosses and curved lines.

in Georgia Today once again become immensely popular national costumes with ornaments. They are often created by the designers. In our day, particularly popular is the girl from Georgia that creates incredible beauty of the national headgear - Kabalah. If previously, they were only men, now they are frequently used and among the female population.

Embroidery ornament

Surely each of us have seen the old Russian ornament. The value of the dome, which is found on the clothing of past centuries, symbolizing a long or infinite life. Under it can also be located mermaid. According to the legends, this embroidered pattern has a positive effect on the next harvest.

it is believed that almost all embroidered ornaments dominated by the subject of the fertility of the land. For example, a rhombus is a symbol of the feminine. It is considered a kind of talisman of fertility and childbearing. Rhombus with hooks, embroidered on the edges of a child's diaper, symbolizes the origin of life. It is important to know that only the complex of all symbols on the subject, you can find out the value of a token.
Most common ancient Russian embroidery ornament - Orepa. This comb rhombus, which is a symbol of the sown ground. Depending on the location on the garment can have other values. For example, if a sign is embroidered on the hem, it symbolizes the entrance to the underworld.

Spiral in the ancient ornaments

Almost everyone is striking in its beauty and mystique of the old Russian ornament. Photos located in this article will allow you to appreciate its uniqueness alone.
Often in the old Russian ornaments can be found the spiral. This sign is not only common, but also quite ancient. It symbolizes the development of the world and its evolution. This is not surprising, because in our life it often spiral-shaped. These include a whirlpool, tornado, DNA and more. It should be noted that this sign is used since the Paleolithic era. Most often, this ancient ornament was applied to the adornment.
Spiral signs are often used in embroidery. In Novgorod women thus adorned their headdresses.


the Cross is one of the most ancient signs. It symbolizes the two opposites - feminine and masculine. This sign is found in almost all cultures. Depending on the image, the symbol may be interpreted quite differently.
cross in the circle is the symbol of life. It also demonstrates the movement of the sun through the celestial space. He began to portray during the upper Paleolithic. Special popularity he received in the Neolithic and bronze age.
it is Worth noting that the cross came long before Christianity. He imitated a tool for making fire. Over time, he became a symbol of the heavenly bodies - the sun. It is also regarded as a sign of immortality. The Gentiles, the cross was a kind of talisman, protecting its owner from all four sides. It was applied to jewelry, clothing and painted over the entrance to the house.


the Swastika has been used in all corners of our earth. It drew on the weapons, household items and clothing. In the ancient ornaments of the swastika is found unusually often. It includes almost all the motives. It symbolizes the movement of life, happiness, wealth, prosperity and good fortune. In addition, it is regarded as a sign of the entire galaxy.
it is Worth noting that the swastika is divided into two subspecies - left and right side. In different countries it plays an important role in the interpretation of its meaning. For example, in China, the clockwise rotation symbolizes the male energy, and anti - female. In the ancient Russian ornament, the swastika was used as an amulet. It was embroidered on clothing and painted on the walls of the house.
unfortunately, in the last century and up to today, the swastika is most frequently associated with Adolf Hitler and ideology of Nazism. It should be noted that in some countries this sign is prohibited.


Ancient ornaments and patterns may often include a meander. This symbol is known since the Neolithic age. Usually, it is used as edging on an object or tissue. It is fairly easy to distinguish from other symbols and patterns. The meander consists of straight angles that create a continuous line. It is worth noting that often includes a swastika.
Meander embroidered on the hem of her dress and used it in mosaics and frescoes. He is an important character in the development of geometric ornament. In Ancient Greece it symbolized infinity. Most often, this symbol is found in India. This pattern was often included in old Russian ornament vector.

Griffins in Byzantine ornament

In the Byzantine Empire on the articles often portrayed the griffins. Is a mythological creature that has the wings, the torso of a lion and head of an eagle. In Byzantine culture, they appeared due to the influence of Eastern culture. Usually, it was depicted on the half shell, silver cups, frescoes, mosaics and silk fabrics. It symbolizes protection and is a kind of talisman. It should be noted that in the Christian iconography of the West, the Griffin is the embodiment of Satan.
Population of the Byzantine Empire believed that the Griffin is the guardian. It is for this reason he was often depicted in armour, on the walls and kitchen utensils.

Summing up

the Ornaments were present in the culture of all peoples. Our ancestors believed that these paintings had magical properties. According to them, different patterns could bring prosperity to the house, understanding or fertility of the land. Some think so today. Each and every charm with the beauty of Georgian, Byzantine and ancient Russian ornaments and patterns. The symbols which are located in our article, will allow you to figure out what images our ancestors believed magic.